Codex Sch°yen 2650: A Middle Egyptian Coptic Witness to the Early Greek Text of Matthew's Gospel: A Study in Translation Theory, Indigenous Coptic, and New Testament Textual Criticism

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BRILL, Jun 5, 2014 - Religion - 316 pages
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In 2001, the exciting but enigmatic 4th century Coptic Matthew text, Codex Sch°yen, was introduced as an alternative, non-canonical Matthew. In this book, James M. Leonard refutes these sensational claims through fresh methodological approaches and easily accessible analysis. Leonard reveals that the underlying Greek text is one of great quality, and that Codex Sch°yen can contribute to the identification of the earliest attainable text—but only with due concern for translational interference. Leonard shows how Codex Sch°yen’s close alliance with Codices Vaticanus and Sinaiticus allows triangulation of the three to help identify an earlier text form which they mutually reflect, and how this impacts a dozen variant passages in Matthew.

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An important analysis of an important manuscript.
Leonard devastatingly refutes Schenke's initial appraisal of Mae-2 as a non-canonical text, demonstrating irrefutably that Mae-2 is not only a copy
of the canonical Gospel of Matthew, but that it is an exceptionally good representative of the Alexandrian Text of the Gospel of Matthew. Leonard offers a general analysis of Mae-2's text, followed by detailed analyses of three extensive passages. At every step, Mae-2 is shown to agree substantially with the flagship fourth-century manuscripts of the Alexandrian Text.
This is not to say that Mae-2's text does not have some surprises -- and it is these factors, mainly paraphrastic imprecisions -- that may have misled Schenke. In a smattering of cases, the impact of Mae-2 may shift a fine balance of evidence; Leonard addresses them near the end of his book -- a book which is about as important, for the study of the early Coptic text of the Gospels, as Tischendorf's publication of the text of Codex Sinaiticus is for the study of the early Greek text of the Gospels.


Chapter 1 The Significance of Codex Sch°yen and Explanations for Its Text
Chapter 2 Features of Mae2 Unaffected or Minimally Affected by Translation
Chapter 6 Identification of Mae2 Allies
Chapter 7 Conclusions

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