The Caspian Sea Environment

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Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 1, 2005 - Nature - 271 pages
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The systematic description of the knowledge accumulated on the physical oceanography, marine chemistry and pollution, and marine biology of the Caspian Sea forms the basis of this book. It presents the principal characteristic features of the environmental conditions of the sea and their changes in the second half of the 20th century. At present, the principal problems of the Caspian Sea are related to the interannual sea level changes and their forecast and to the estimation of the intensity of the chemical pollution of the sea and its impact upon the biota. Special attention is paid to socio-economic, legal, and political issues in the Caspian Sea region. This publication is based on numerous observational data collected by the authors of the chapters during sea expeditions, on the archive data of several Russian oceanographic institutions, as well as on the broad scientific literature mainly published in Russian editions. This book is addressed to the specialists concerned with research in various fields of physical oceanography, marine chemistry, pollution studies, and biology; solving a wide scope of problems from the regional climate to the mesoscale processes; and using a variety of methods from remote sensing of the seas to numerical and laboratory modeling.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
PhysicoGeographical Conditions of the Caspian Sea
5
Thermohaline Structure and General Circulation of the Caspian Sea Waters
33
Sea Surface Temperature Variability
59
Natural Chemistry of Caspian Sea Waters
83
Pollution of the Caspian Sea
109
Patterns of Seasonal and Interannual Variability of Remotely Sensed Chlorophyll
143
Biodiversity
159
Introduced Species
175
Biological Features and Resources
191
KaraBogazGol Bay
211
Environmental Issues of the Caspian
223
Economic and International Legal Dimensions
243
Conclusions
257
Subject Index
269
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