The CIAM Discourse on Urbanism, 1928-1960

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MIT Press, 2002 - Architecture - 375 pages

The first complete history of CIAM, an international movement whose mission was to revolutionize architecture and create an agenda for modern urbanism.

CIAM (Congres Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne), founded in Switzerland in 1928, was an avant-garde association of architects intended to advance both modernism and internationalism in architecture. CIAM saw itself as an elite group revolutionizing architecture to serve the interests of society. Its members included some of the best-known architects of the twentieth century, such as Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius, and Richard Neutra, but also hundreds of others who looked to it for doctrines on how to shape the urban environment in a rapidly changing world.

In this first book-length history of the organization, architectural historian Eric Mumford focuses on CIAM's discourse to trace the development and promotion of its influential concept of the "Functional City." He views official doctrines and pronouncements in relation to the changing circumstances of the members, revealing how CIAM in the 1930s began to resemble a kind of syndicalist party oriented toward winning over any suitable authority, regardless of political orientation. Mumford also looks at CIAM's efforts after World War II to find a new basis for a socially engaged architecture and describes the attempts by the group of younger members called Team 10 to radically revise CIAM's mission in the 1950s, efforts that led to the organization's dissolution in 1959.

 

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Contents

CIAM 19281930
9
CIAM 1 La Sarraz Switzerland 1928
16
La Sarraz Declaration
24
The Existenzminimum
27
Le Corbusier the Green City and His Response to Moscow
44
Rational Lot Development
49
The Functional City 19311939
59
Barcelona 1932
66
CIAM 19461947
159
The New Empiricism
163
CIAM 6 Bridgwater England 1947
168
CIAM 7 Bergamo Italy 1949
179
Zevis Critique of CIAM
198
From the Heart of the City to the End of CIAM
201
Sigtuna Sweden 1952
215
The Charter of Habitat
225

The Functional City
73
CIAM 19331936
91
Dwelling and Recreation
104
England 19371942
117
America and Europe 19381939
123
GAM and the Postwar World 19391950
131
The New York CIAM Chapter for Relief and Postwar Planning 19431945
142
The New Monumentality
150
Le Corbusier and ASCORAL 19401946
153
Team 10 and CIAM 10 Dubrovnik 1956
238
CIAM 59 in Otterlo and the End of CIAM
258
After CIAM
267
Chronology of CIAM and CIAMCIRPAC Meetings
275
Notes
277
Bibliography
343
Figure Credits
361
Index
363
Copyright

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About the author (2002)

Eric Mumford is Assistant Professor at the School of Architecture, Washington University in St. Louis.

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