Sufism and the Way of Blame: Hidden Sources of a Sacred Psychology
This is a definitive book on the Sufi “way of blame” that addresses the cultural life of Sufism in its entirety. Originating in ninth-century Persia, the “way of blame” (Arab. malamatiyya) is a little-known tradition within larger Sufism that focused on the psychology of egoism and engaged in self-critique. Later, the term referred to those Sufis who shunned Islamic literalism and formalism, thus being worthy of “blame.” Yannis Toussulis may be the first to explore the relation between this controversial movement and the larger tradition of Sufism, as well as between Sufism and Islam generally, throughout history to the present. Both a Western professor of the psychology of religion and a Sufi practitioner, Toussulis has studied malamatiyya for over a decade. Explaining Sufism as a lifelong practice to become a “perfect mirror in which God contemplates Himself,” he draws on and critiques contemporary interpretations by G. I Gurdjieff, J. G. Bennett, and Idries Shah, as well as on Frithjof Schuon, Martin Lings, and Seyyed Hossein Nasr. He also contributes personal research conducted with one of the last living representatives of the way of blame in Turkey today, Mehmet Selim Ozic.
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The Sufi Mystique
The Traditionalist Critique
Quests for the Hidden Hierarchy
Further Quests for the Hidden Source
The Earlier Way of Blame
The Middle Period of Malamati Activity
The Later Malamatiyya
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Abu Sa’id According Ahmad al-jam Allah Anatolia Applebaum approach Arabic Asia attributes authentic Balkans baqa Bayazid became become Bektashi Bektashiyya Bennett blame Borkluce central century chap chapter Chittick Christian classical Sufis continued cultural Darr dervish dhikr divine doctrine essence existence God’s Gurdjieff Haci Maksud Hallaj Hasan Şuşud Hulusi human Hurufi Ibid Ibn al-Arabi Ibn Arabi Idries Shah Imam Inayat Khan Islam Istanbul J. G. Bennett Junayd Khwajagan later Macedonia Mahmut Sadettin malamati malamatiyya malamiyya Mehmet Selim Bey Mehmet Selim Íziš Muhammad Muhyiddin Ibn murshid Muslim mystical Naqshbandi Naqshbandiyya one’s orthodox Persian Pir Nur al-Arabi Pir’s practice Press Prophet Muhammad qalandari Qur’an Qutb reformers religion religious remembrance Rumi Sadettin Bilginer Sarmoung Sayyid scholars Seljuks Seyyed Hossein Nasr Shari’a Shaykh Sirhindi sobriety spiritual station successor Sufi orders Sufi path Sufism Sultan Sunni tariqa teachings Toussulis tradition traditionalist Turkey Turkish Turks ulama unification union universalist wujudi