Social control in Europe, Volume 2
This two-volume collection of essays provides a comprehensive examination of the idea of social control in the history of Europe. The uniqueness of these volumes lies in two main areas. First, the contributors compare methods of social control on many levels, from police to shaming, church to guilds. Second, they look at these formal and informal institutions as two-way processes. Unlike many studies of social control in the past, the scholars here examine how individuals and groups that are being controlled necessarily participate in and shape the manner in which they are regulated. Hardly passive victims of discipline and control, these folks instead claimed agency in that process, accepting and resisting--and thus molding the controls under which they functioned. In both volumes, an introduction outlines the origins and the continuing value of the concept of social control. The introductions are followed by two substantive sections. The essays in part one of volume I focus on the interplay of ecclesiastical institutions and the emerging states; those in part two of volume I look more explicitly at discipline from a bottom-up perspective. The essays in part one of volume 2 explore the various means by which communities--generally working-class communities--in nineteenth-and twentieth-century Europe were subjected to forms of discipline in the workplace, by the church, and by philanthropic housing organizations. It notes also how the communities themselves generated their own forms of internal control. Part two of volume 2 focuses on various policing institutions, exploring in particular the question of how liberal and totalitarian regimes differed in their styles of control,repression, and surveillance.
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Social Control and Forms of WorkingClass Sociability
Social Change Popular Movements
The Catholic Factor
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action activities Amsterdam areas argued authority Barnett became behavior Carabinieri Catholic Church citizens Civil classes coatto concept congresses courts crime criminal cultural developed Dibats dictatorships Dutch economic employers enforce Europe European example factors Fascist formal social control forms France Francoist French police German Gestapo groups historians Hungary Ibid ideology individuals industrial informal social control institutions Interior Ministry police involved Jews juvenile Katharine Buildings Krefeld labor Leiden less liberal means Metropolitan Police military modern moral movement Municipal Archive Leiden Nazi Germany neighborhood neighbors Netherlands nineteenth century norms Octavia Hill organizations OVRA Paris party paternalism paternalist percent period police forces policemen political poor popular population prison protest railway reform regime religious repression Republic Republican role rural Saint-Etienne schools servants socialist society Sweden Swedish Third Reich tion totalitarian towns traditional union urban violence welfare women workers working-class