Bangla (Bengali), an Eastern Indo-Aryan Language, is the national language of Bangladesh with 150 million speakers and the state language of Paschim Banga (West Bengal) in India with 90 million speakers. There are sizeable communities of Bengalis scattered all over the world. Altogether, the number of native speakers make Bangla the fifth or sixth largest language in the world. Like Hindi and other South Asian languages, Bangla has subject-object-verb word order, postpositions, causative and compound verbs. Unlike Hindi it has no gender.
This volume presents a systematic overview of the language, from the sound system to parts of speech, syntactic categories to reduplicative features and some short text passages. The book is written in transliteration throughout to provide ease and convenience to non-Bengali as well as to Bengali linguists and students. In order to connect linguistic analysis with the living language, the book is furnished with plenty of real language examples, demonstrating the spirit, grace and wit of the Bangla language.
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Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Sound system
Chapter 3 The Bengali script
Chapter 4 Word formation
Chapter 5 Morphology
Chapter 6 Phrase structure
Chapter 7 Sentences
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ache adjectives adverbs ækta æmôn amader amake amar amra apni b la b rô Bangla barite Bengali bhalô bo_r6 bôle bôlte Chapter chilô classifiers clause cokh compound maker conditional participle conjunctions consonant content clauses copular sentences d rkar dækha deictic deoŷa direct object diŷe do.ip do.pp ekhane ektu examples future tense gæche genitive give.ip h be h oŷa he.gen he.h he.obj honorific hôŷe hôŷeche I.gen imperative imperfective inanimate indefinite inherent vowel k khôno k ra k tha k tô kache kænô khub kichu kintu Kolkata kono kôre kôrte kotha language locative m tô matha meaning mind.loc minimal pairs modal môdhye mône negation nominative noun phrases ofthe one.cl onomatopoeia paoŷa past habitual perfective participle person plural pôryôntô postpositions pron pronouns quantifiers s nge Sanskrit simple present sômôŷ structures tader tahôle tara thaka thake theke thik tomake tomar tomra tumi ucit verbal noun word yabe yænô yaoŷa yaŷ yete yôdi you.gen