Anticipatory Systems: Philosophical, Mathematical and Methodological Foundations

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Elsevier, Oct 22, 2013 - Science - 446 pages
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The first detailed study of this most important class of systems which contain internal predictive models of themselves and/or of their environments and whose predictions are utilized for purposes of present control. This book develops the basic concept of a predictive model, and shows how it can be embedded into a system of feedforward control. Includes many examples and stresses analogies between wired-in anticipatory control and processes of learning and adaption, at both individual and social levels. Shows how the basic theory of such systems throws a new light both on analytic problems (understanding what is going on in an organism or a social system) and synthetic ones (developing forecasting methods for making individual or collective decisions).
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Preliminaries
1
Chapter 2 Natural and Formal Systems
45
Chapter 3 The Modelling Relation
89
Chapter 4 The Encodings of Time
221
Chapter 5 Open Systems and the Modelling Relation
277
Chapter 6 Anticipatory Systems
339
Chapter 7 Appendix
405
Index
433
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