The History of al-Tabari Vol. 21: The Victory of the Marwanids A.D. 685-693/A.H. 66-73
SUNY Press, Mar 16, 1990 - Religion - 260 pages
Volume XXI of the History of al-Tabari (from the second part of 66/685 to 73/693) covers the resolution of "the Second Civil War." This conflict, which has broken out in 64/683 after the death of the Umayyad caliph Yazid I, involved the rival claims of the Umayyads (centered in Syria) and the Zubayrids (centered in the Hijaz), each of whom claimed the caliphal title, Commander of the Faithful. Both parties contented for control of Iraq, which was also the setting for al-Mukhtar's Schi'ite uprising in al-Kufah during 66/685 and 67/686. Kharijite groups were active in south-western Iran and central Arabia, even threatening the heavily settled lands of Iraq. By the end of 73/692, the Umayyad regime in Damascus, led by Abd-al-Malik, had extinguished the rival caliphate of Ibn al-Zubayr and had reestablished a single, more or less universally acknowledged political authority for the Islamic community.
Al-Tabari's account of these years is drawn from such earlier historians as Abu Mikhnaf, al-Mada'ini, and al-Waqidi and includes eyewitness accounts, quotations from poems, and texts of sermons. Notable episodes include al-Mukhtar's slaying of those who had been involved in the death of al-Husayn at Karbala, the death of al-Mukhtar at the hands of Mus'ab b. al-Zubayr, the revolt of Amr b. Sa'id in Damascus, the death of Mus'ab at the Battle of Dayr al-Jathaliq, and al-Hajjaj's siege and conquest of Mecca on behalf of Abd-al-Malik. There are excursuses on the chair that al-Mukhtar venerated as a relic of Ali, the biography of the colorful brigand Ubaydallah b. al-Hurr, and the development of the secretarial office in Islam.
The translation has been fully annotated. Parallels in the works of Ibn Sa'd, al-Baladhuri, and the Kitabal-Aghani have been indicated in the notes where these accounts supplement or diverge from that of al-Tabari.
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Abbad Abd al-'Aziz Abd al-Malik Abd al-Rahman Abdallah Abu Ja'far Abu Mihnaf According to Abu According to Hisham Aghdni al-Ahnaf al-Ahwaz al-Ash'ath al-Basrah al-Hajjaj al-Hamdani al-Harith al-Hurr al-Husayn al-Kalbi al-Kufah al-Mada'in al-Muhallab al-Mukhtar Al-Mukhtar sent al-Mus'ab al-Tabari al-Waqidi allegiance Amir Ansdb Arabic army attacked Azariqah Bakr Baladhuri Banu Banu Tamim bint Bishr caliph charge commander companions Continuing death defeated Dhu al-Hijjah Dinawari Diwdn encamped enemy father fight forces fought governor Hamdan horsemen Ibn al-Ashtar Ibn al-Athir Ibn al-Hanafiyyah Ibn al-Hurr Ibn al-Zubayr Ibn Kamil Ibn Khazim Ibrahim Iraq Islam Kdmil Khalid Kharijites Khurasan killed Kufan Leiden Lexicon Malik Marwan mawdli mawld Mecca Medina Mikhnaf mosque Mu'awiyah Mu'jam Mudar Muhammad Mukhtar Mus'ab Muslim Qays Qur'an Quraysh Rabi'ah replied Sa'd Sa'id saying Sezgin Shabath Shumayt sword Syria Tabari Tamim took tribe Ubaydallah Umar Umayyad Uthman Warqa Yahya Yaqut Yazid Yemenis Zayd Ziyad Zuhayr