Compendio del ensayo sobre el entendimiento humano

Front Cover
Alianza Editorial, 2002 - Philosophy - 101 pages
1 Review
Resumen de la obra fundamental de JOHN LOCKE (1632-1704), el COMPENDIO DEL ENSAYO SOBRE EL ENTENDIMIENTO HUMANO sintetiza las ideas fundamentales del trabajo publicado con este título en 1689 y que habría de procurarle un lugar destacado en el ámbito de la filosofía. En el «Ensayo» se examinan la naturaleza y los límites del conocimiento humano. Para ello se atiende al origen y los modos «en que llegan a nosotros todas las ideas que nuestro entendimiento emplea al pensar» y, en contraposición con Descartes, se afirma descubrir que todo nuestro conocimiento depende de la experiencia y que, por tanto, no hay verdades innatas accesibles mediante el intelecto. Locke es, con matices, el padre fundador del empirismo británico clásico. Otras obras de John Locke en esta colección: «Ensayo y Carta sobre la tolerancia» (H 4408) y «Segundo Tratado sobre el Gobierno Civil» (H 4415).

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Other editions - View all

About the author (2002)

John Locke's works of political and social philosophy, written in the 17th century, have strongly influenced intellectuals ever since - including the founders of the United States of America. Born in 1632 in Wrington, England, Locke studied at Christ Church, Oxford, where he earned his B.A. and M.A. degrees in the late 1650's. He also studied medicine and earned a medical license. His studies led to an interest in contemporary philosophers influenced by science, such as Rene Descartes. Locke read widely among them while teaching at Christ Church over the next few years. In 1667, Locke became personal physician and adviser to Anthony Ashley Cooper, who later was appointed Earl of Shaftesbury. Through Shaftesbury's patronage, Locke earned some government posts and entered London's intellectual circles, all the while writing philosophy. He was one of the best-known European thinkers of his time when he died in 1704. In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690), Locke established the philosophy of empiricism, which holds that the mind at birth is a blank tablet. Experience, Locke believed, would engrave itself upon the tablet as one grew. He felt humans should create theories according to experience and test them with experiments. This philosophy helped establish the scientific method. Locke codified the principals of liberalism in "Two Treatises of Government" (1690). He emphasized that the state must preserve its citizens' natural rights to life, liberty and property. When the state does not, Locke argued, citizens are justified in rebelling. His view of liberalism comprised limited government, featuring elected representation and legislative checks and balances. While a Christian, Locke believed in absolute separation of church and state, and he urged toleration of those whose religious views differed from the majorities.

Bibliographic information