Nostratic: Sifting the Evidence
Joe Salmons, Brian D. Joseph
J. Benjamins, 1998 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 292 pages
The "Nostratic" hypothesis -- positing a common linguistic ancestor for a wide range of language families including Indo-European, Uralic, and Afro-Asiatic -- has produced one of the most enduring and often intense controversies in linguistics. Overwhelmingly, though, both supporters of the hypothesis and those who reject it have not dealt directly with one another's arguments. This volume brings together selected representatives of both sides, as well as a number of agnostic historical linguists, with the aim of examining the evidence for this particular hypothesis in the context of distant genetic relationships generally.The volume contains discussion of variants of the Nostratic hypothesis (A. Bomhard; J. Greenberg; A. Manaster-Ramer, K. Baertsch, K. Adams, & P. Michalove), the mathematics of chance in determining the relationships posited for Nostratic (R. Oswa< D. Ringe), and the evidence from particular branches posited in Nostratic (L. Campbell; C. Hodge; A. Vovin), with responses and additional discussion by E. Hamp, B. Vine, W. Baxter and B. Comrie.
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Relationships within Nostratic
The Nature and Status of Nostratic
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ablaut affricates Afroasiatic Altaic Altaic languages appear Bomhard borrowing branches clusters cognate sets comparanda comparison daughter languages discussion Dolgopolsky Dravidian Dybo Eurasiatic evaluation evidence example expected chance ranges Finnish Finno-Ugric Gamkrelidze genetic relationship glosses glottalized stops Greenberg historical linguistics Illich-Svitych Indo initial consonants involved Ivanov Janhunen Japanese jazykov Joki Kartvelian Korean language families large number laryngeal lexical list-comparison Manaster Ramer Manchu matches meaning medial Mongolian morphemes morphological Moscow Nauka Nostratic hypothesis Nostratic languages Nostratic reconstruction Nostratic theory Nostraticists noun pair penkwe personal pronouns phonetic phonological phonotactic PIE and PFU probability problem proposed Proto Proto-Altaic Proto-Indo-European proto-language Proto-Nostratic Proto-Uralic question randomized Redei reduplicated reflex regular sound represented Ringe root Sammallahti scholars semantic Semitic Shevoroshkin significant similar sound change sound correspondences Starostin stem suffix Turkic typological University Uralic form Uralic Languages Vitaly Shevoroshkin voiceless stops vowel word Yukaghir