Aquatic Invasions in the Black, Caspian, and Mediterranean Seas

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Henri J. Dumont, Tamara A. Shiganova, Ulrich Niermann
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 29, 2004 - Science - 314 pages
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The present volume contains the presentations of a NATO advanced Research Workshop (ARW) entitled “The invasion of the Black, Mediterranean and Caspian Seas by the American Ctenophore, Mnemiopsis leidyi Agassiz: a multidisciplinary perspective and a comparison with other aquatic invasions”, held on 24 - 26 June 2002 in Baku (Azerbaijan). The meeting was ?nanced by the NATO Division for Scienti?c and Environmental Affairs (Brussels); substantial logistic support was provided by the CEP (Caspian Environmental Program) of the GEF in Baku. The Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Seas represent three fragments of the former Tethys Sea, and are thus of great interest to understanding the evolution of the entire region where Eurasia, Africa and the Arabian Peninsula meet. While the Mediterranean is a typical marine environment, with salinity even a little above the world ocean’s, the Black Sea is a brackish meromictic lake, and the Caspian is a lake with a saline gradient extending from a freshwater basin in the North to a brackish water basin in the South. Intense ?shing activity takes place in all three seas, while maritime traf?c through the Dardanelles and Bosporus, and via the Lenin Canal (between the Don and Volga rivers) to the Caspian Sea has become greatly intensi?ed in the course of the last few decades.
 

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Contents

Mnemiopsis leidyi Distribution and Effect on the Black Sea Ecosystem During the First Years of Invasion in Comparison with Other Gelatinous Blooms
3
Interactions between the invading ctenophores Mnemiopsis leidyi A Agassiz and Beroe ovata Mayer 1912 and their influence on the Pelagic ecosyste...
33
Population dynamics of Mnemiopsis leidyi in the Caspian Sea and effects on the Caspian ecosystem
71
Distribution and biology of Mnemiopsis leidyi in the Northern Aegean Sea and comparison with the indigenous Bolinopsis vitrea
113
Effects of Beroe cf ovata on gelatinous and other zooplankton along the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast
137
Decreased levels of the invasive ctenophore Mnemiopsis in the Marmara Sea in 2001
155
Preliminary investigation on the molecular systematics of the invasive ctenophore Beroe ovata
167
Introduction of Beroe cf ovata to the Caspian Sea needed to control Mnemiopsis leidyi
177
Dynamics of Mnemiopsis distribution in the Azerbaijan sector of the Caspian Sea in 20012002
203
Investigation on the distribution and biomass of Mnemiopsis in the Kazakhstan sector of the Caspian Sea in May 2002
205
Range extensions of PontoCaspian aquatic invertebrates in continental Europe
209
Living in a sea of exotics the Baltic case
237
Internetbased information resources on aquatic alien species relevant to the PontoCaspian Region
257
Invasion of the Jellyfish Pelagia noctiluca in the Northern Adriatic a nonsuccess story
273
Caulerpa taxifolia 18 years of infestation in the Mediterranean Sea
287
Conclusions from the meeting
301

Feeding respiration and growth of ctenophore Beroe cf ovata in the low salinity conditions of the Caspian Sea
193
A brief resume of the status of the Mnemiopsis population in the Turkmen sector of the Caspian Sea according to observations during the first half of...
201

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