The Little Blue Reasoning Book: 50 Powerful Principles for Clear and Effective Thinking

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Maven Publishing, Jan 1, 2013 - Education - 295 pages
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For Reasoning Aficionados From All Walks of Life!

This guidebook addresses one of the most critical yet seldom taught skills. Reasoning skills help us make sense of the world, including how to better make decisions, tackle opportunities, evaluate claims, and solve problems. Interwoven within the book’s five sections – Perception & Mindset, Decision Making, Creative Thinking, Analyzing Arguments, and Mastering Logic – reader’s will discover 50 reasoning tips that summarize the common themes behind classic reasoning problems and situations. Appendixes contain summaries of fallacious reasoning, analogies, trade-offs, and a review of critical reading skills. A wealth of examples, charts, and insightful problems makes The Little Blue Reasoning Book an invaluable guide for any individual wanting to further sharpen his or her thinking skills.

Enjoy the benefits of your own self-paced reasoning course:
*Gain insights into the four classic mindsets and how each influences one’s outlook.
*Make better decisions by framing problems with quantitative tools. 
*Employ creative thinking to bypass “roadblocks” and unlock novel solutions.
*Evaluate claims by challenging the strength of key assumptions. 
*Use logic to break down arguments in a clear, easy-to-understand manner. 
*Review the 10 classic trade-offs to speed recognition of core issues. 
*Read with added clarity, whether your goal involves pleasure or profit.

“A wonderful work that shows how reasoning is challenging, yet engaging, rewarding and fun. Because reasoning involves people, it is an art as well as a science. And to remind ourselves just why it’s not always easy to mix the two, we owe a cheerful salute to Nobel prize-winning physicist Murray Gell-Mann who observed: ‘Think how hard physics would be if particles could think.’” —Dr. William A. McEachern, author, award-winning teacher, and founding editor of The Teaching Economist

 

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Contents

Preface
9
Introduction
11
Quiz
13
Perception and Mindset
15
Creative Thinking
27
Decision Making
59
Analyzing Arguments
105
Mastering Logic
149
Appendix IV Analogies
192
Appendix V The 10 Classic Tradeoffs
198
Appendix VI Critical Reading and Comprehension
207
Appendix VII Tips for Taking Reading Tests
211
Answers and Explanations to Exercises and Problems
227
Answers to the Quiz
283
Selected Bibliography
285
Index
287

Appendix I Summary of Reasoning Tips 1 to 50
173
Appendix II Fallacious Reasoning
179
Appendix III Avoiding Improper Inferences
190
About the Author
293
Back Cover
296
Copyright

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About the author (2013)

Brandon Royal is an award-winning writer whose educational authorship includes The Little Red Writing Book, The Little Gold Grammar Book, and  The Little Green Math Book. During his tenure working in Hong Kong for US-based Kaplan Educational Centers – a Washington Post subsidiary and the largest test-preparation organization in the world – Brandon honed his theories of teaching and education and developed a set of key learning “principles” to help define the basics of writing, grammar, math, and reasoning. A Canadian by birth and graduate of the University of Chicago’s Booth School of Business, his interest in writing began after completing writing courses at Harvard University. Since then he has authored a dozen books and reviews of his books have appeared in Time Asia magazine, Publishers Weekly, Library Journal of America, Midwest Book Review, The Asian Review of Books, Choice Reviews Online, Asia Times Online, and About.com. Brandon is a five-time winner of the International Book Awards, a seven-time gold medalist at the President’s Book Awards, as well as recipient of the “Educational Book of the Year” award as presented by the Book Publishers Association of Alberta. He has also been a winner or finalist at the Ben Franklin Book Awards, the Global eBook Awards, the Beverly Hills Book Awards, the IPPY Awards, the USA Book News “Best Book Awards,” and the Foreword magazine Book of the Year Awards. He continues to write and publish in the belief that there will always be a place for books that inspire, enlighten, and enrich.

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