Pathophysiology: Principles of Disease
A basic text for associate degree in nursing. Aims to help students understand the underlying mechanisms of disease, the rationale for designated treatments and the complex interrelationships between critical systems.
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Cellular Life Needs A Systemic Overview
THE CELLULAR NEED FOR FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE BALANCE
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absorption acid acid-base acidosis acute aldosterone alkalosis alveolar alveoli anemia arterial blood pressure body Bowman's capsule brain calcium carbon dioxide cardiac output cause cellular needs cerebral characteristic chemical chronic chronic renal failure clinical manifestations compartment concentration decrease depressed diffusion digestive disease disorders disruption dysfunction edema effects electrolyte elevated elimination enzymes erythrocytes excessive extracellular fluid factors filtration fluid and electrolyte function gastric gastrointestinal tract glands glomerular glucose HCO3 heart hepatic hormone hyperkalemia hypocalcemia hyponatremia hypovolemia hypoxia illustrated in Figure imbalances increase inflammatory intake interstitial fluid ischemia kidneys liver lungs major mechanisms medulla membrane metabolic metabolic acidosis muscle myocardial nephron nerves nervous system neural neurons normal nutrients obstruction oxygen pathology Philadelphia Physiology plasma potassium primary protein pulmonary reabsorption release renal failure respiratory response result secretion small intestine sodium spinal cord structure summary symptoms tion tissue transport trigger urinary urine vascular venous ventilation ventricle vessels volume W. B. Saunders Company