## Elements of Geometry: Containing the First Six Books of Euclid, with a Supplement on the Quadrature of the Circle and the Geometry of Solids : to which are Added Elements of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry |

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### Common terms and phrases

ABCD altitude angle ABC angle BAC base bisected Book called centre chord circle circle ABC circumference coincide common consequently construction cylinder definition demonstrated described diameter difference divided double draw drawn equal equal angles equiangular equilateral Euclid exterior angle extremity fall fore four fourth given given straight line greater half Hence inscribed interior join less Let ABC magnitudes manner meet multiple opposite parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane polygon prism PROB produced PROP proportional proposition proved radius ratio reason rectangle contained rectilineal figure right angles segment shewn sides similar sine solid square straight line taken tangent THEOR third touch triangle ABC wherefore whole

### Popular passages

Page 51 - If a straight line be divided into two equal parts, and also into two unequal parts; the rectangle contained by the unequal parts, together with the square of the line between the points of section, is equal to the square of half the line.

Page 74 - THE angles in the same segment of a circle are equal to one another...

Page 37 - To a given straight line to apply a parallelogram, which shall be equal to a given triangle, and have one of its angles equal to a given rectilineal angle.

Page 29 - Straight lines which are parallel to the same straight line are parallel to one another. Triangles and Rectilinear Figures. The sum of the angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles.

Page 29 - To draw a straight line through a given point parallel to a given straight line. Let A be the given point, and BC the given straight line ; it is required to draw a straight line through EAF the point A, parallel to the straight line '

Page 147 - If the vertical angle of a triangle be bisected by a straight line which also cute the base, the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the segments of the base, together with the square on the straight line which bisects the angle.

Page 19 - The angles which one straight line makes with another upon one side of i't, are either two right angles, or are together eqval to two right angles.

Page 134 - IF three straight lines be proportionals, the rectangle contained by the extremes is equal to the square of the mean : and if the rectangle contained by the extremes be equal to the square of the mean, the three straight lines are proportionals.

Page 294 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 13 - BC. Wherefore from the given point A a straight line AL has been drawn equal to the given straight line BC.