Altruism and Aggression: Social and Biological Origins

Front Cover
Carolyn Zahn-Waxler, E. Mark Cummings, Ronald J. Iannotti
Cambridge University Press, Jul 26, 1991 - Psychology - 337 pages
0 Reviews
In this timely collection, biological and behavioral scientists address questions emerging from new research about the origins and interconnections of altruism and aggression within and across species. They explore the genetic underpinnings of affiliative and aggressive orientations as well as the biological correlates of these behaviors. They consider environmental variables--family patterns, childrearing practices--that influence prosocial and antisocial behaviors. And they examine internal processes such as empathy, socio-inferential abilities, and cognitive attributions, that regulate "kindness" and "selfishness." The first section focuses on biological, sociobiological, and ethological approaches. It explores the utility of animal models for understanding both human and infrahuman social behavior. The second section focuses on the development, socialization, and mediation of altruism and aggression in children. Several concerns underly both sections. These include the role of attachment processes, separation distress, reciprocal interchanges, and social play in determining the quantity and quality of aggressive and affiliative interactions; the function of emotions (e.g. empathy, guilt, and anger) as instigators of altruism and aggression; and the nature of sex differences. Several chapters present data on emotions that mediate altruism and aggression and also on patterns of association between prosocial and antisocial behaviors. The authors take an ethological perspective, placing special importance on the need to explore altruism and aggression in the real lives and natural habitats of humans and other animals.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

The psychobiology of prosocial behaviors separation distress play and altruism
19
An evolutionary and developmental perspective on aggressive patterns
58
Development in reciprocity through friendship
88
The prosocial and antisocial functions of preschool aggression an ethological study of triadic conflict among young children
107
A conception of the determinants and development of altruism and aggression motives the self and the environment
135
Early organization of altruism and aggression developmental patterns and individual differences
165
Aggression and altruism a personality perspective
189
The socialization of prosocial behavior theory and reality
218
Socialinteractional patterns in families of abused and nonabused children
238
Naturalistic observation of cooperation helping and sharing and their associations with empathy and affect
256
Social informationprocessing variables in the development of aggression and altruism in children
280
lessons from the past and a look to the future
303
Index of names
325
Index of subjects
333
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

All Book Search results »

Bibliographic information