Constructed Wetlands in the Sustainable Landscape

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John Wiley & Sons, May 6, 1999 - Architecture - 270 pages
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Constructed wetlands are gaining worldwide acceptance as effective, low-cost, and low-impact alternatives to unsightly, high-impact wastewater treatment facilities. The creative involvement of today's planners, landscape architects, developers, environmental engineers, and public officials is helping to maximize the potential of these wetland habitats—from their aesthetics to their multiple uses as water treatment plants, wildlife refuges, and recreational or educational facilities. Yet, to date, the literature has paid no attention to these aspects, focusing instead on the technical side of wetlands construction and function.

Constructed Wetlands in the Sustainable Landscape is the first book to integrate aesthetic design and planning issues with the technical aspects of wetlands engineering. Renowned landscape architect Craig S. Campbell and engineer Michael H. Ogden clearly demonstrate how the successful development and management of multifunctional, sustainable wetland habitats depend on harnessing the knowledge and working principles of a number of disciplines. Richly illustrated with real-world case studies, the book:

Covers the concept of sustainable development and the nature of wetland processes.

Discusses designs for new and existing municipal and small community wastewater treatment facilities.

Contains examples of on-site planning for, and management of, stormwater renovation, single-family residential systems, and multiple-use systems.

Examines landscape engineering and planning for ponds, urban wildlife, and ecological art.

Clearly written and accessible to nonengineers and nonscientists, Constructed Wetlands in the Sustainable Landscape is a crucial guide for landscape architects, environmental engineers, planners, developers, and others responsible for the design and management of our built environment.

 

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Very helpful for me. I am just starting to work on a design of a wetland. Thank you.

Contents

The Concept of Sustainable Development
1
Landscape Ecology
4
Biosphere
7
The Center for Maximum Potential Building Systems
9
Constructed Wetlands and Permaculture
13
Bioremediation and Phytoremediation
14
Public Attitudes and Sustainability
16
The Nature of Wetland Processes
17
Septic TanksThe First Step
155
Constructed Wetlands for the Residential Property
157
Plants
163
Lusk Residence New Mexico
164
Fullerton Residence New Mexico
166
The Pond
169
The Problem of Algae and Pond Clarity
172
Gas and Nutrient Cycling in Ponds
173

The Nature of Wetlands
18
Aquatic Plants and Wastewater Renovation
21
Planting Techniques
31
Current Status of Constructed Wetlands
40
Constructed Wetlands and Wastewater Treatment Design
41
Capabilities and Limitations of Constructed Wetlands
47
The Planning Process
50
Designing for New Facilities
54
Designing for Existing Facilities
71
Design for Industrial Mining and Agricultural Applications
72
Designing for Stormwater Runoff and Combined Sewer Overflows
73
The Economics of Constructed Wetlands
76
The Regulatory Process
87
Design Operation and Maintenance of Constructed Wetlands
92
Subsurface Flow Wetlands
101
Surface Flow Wetlands
104
The Construction Process
105
Operation and Maintenance Considerations
118
Stormwater Renovation with Constructed Wetlands
123
Keystone and Copper Mountain Resorts Colorado
126
Stormwater Management in Florida and Maryland
128
Watersheds as Planning Units
130
Washington State Stormwater Guidelines
131
King County Metro
133
Sediment Input
135
Water Harvesting
136
Village Homes
138
Other Examples of Onsite Stormwater Management
139
Prototype Stormwater Wetland Designs
141
Some Functional Differences in Stormwater Wetlands
144
Pollutant Removal Rates for Stormwater Wetlands
145
Examples of Integrated Stormwater Wetland Systems
146
SingleFamily Residential Systems
153
The Case for Onsite Treatment
154
Pond Water pH
174
Design of Constructed Ponds
175
Recirculation Pumps
183
Pond Maintenance
185
Visibility Accessibility Liability
186
Wildlife Considerations and Management
190
Ecologically Based Planning and Wildlife
193
Urban Wetlands
195
The Importance of Interpretive Signage
197
Designing for Wildlife
200
Art Engineering and the Landscape
205
Art and the Environment
206
Nature Art and Constructed Wetlands
207
Flowforms and Water Quality
208
Ecological Art
211
Water Issues and Public Perception
213
Wildlife and Art
231
The Nature of the Collaborative Effort
234
Examples of MultipleUse Constructed Wetlands
237
Stapleton Airport Redevelopment Plan
240
Arcata Wastewater March and Wildlife Sanctuary
241
Columbia Wetlands Wastewater Treatment Project
242
Orlando Easterly Wetlands Reclamation and Park
243
Sacramento County Demonstration Wetlands
246
Multiagency Welcome Center
247
Lost Padillas Elementary School
249
Binford LakeButler Creek Greenway Master Plan
252
San Antonio Water System
255
In Summary
257
Appendix
258
References
259
Index
265
Copyright

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About the author (1999)

CRAIG S. CAMPBELL, FASLA, is a landscape architect and owner of Craig Campbell Studio, Inc. in Santa Fe, New Mexico, and the author of Water in Landscape Architecture.

MICHAEL H. OGDEN, PE, is President of Southwest Wetlands Group in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The authors, both respected authorities on constructed wetlands, have conducted numerous seminars on the subject for landscape architects and planners.

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