Openness in Adoption: Exploring Family Connections
Since the mid-1970s, adoption practices in the United States have changed dramatically, and the confidentiality maintained in the past is no longer the norm. The trend is toward openness in adoption in which either mediated (through an adoption agency) or direct contact occurs between the adoptive family and birth parent(s). Some adoption professionals argue that openness is harmful and experimental while others argue that the secrecy of confidential adoptions has been harmful to all parties involved. WhoĂs right? In Openness in Adoption, this question is addressed via a nationwide study of 720 individuals (190 adoptive fathers, 190 adoptive mothers, 171 adopted children, and 169 birthmothers) that was conducted over a five-year period. The book begins by presenting the issues and debates surrounding open adoptions and then examines them from the perspective of the adopted children, adoptive parents, and birth mothers. The volume concludes with implications for adoption practice, public policy, and future research. A groundbreaking volume, Openness in Adoption provides a wealth of information to professionals and practitioners in the fields of family studies, sociology, developmental psychology, social work, clinical psychology, and social psychology.
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adolescence adop adopted child adopted children adopted persons adoption adjustment adoption agencies adoption arrangements adoption plans adoptive family adoptive kinship network adoptive mothers adoptive parents adoptive placement African American agencies offered agency personnel agency staff baby birth birthfamily birthfathers birthmother's birthmothers and adoptive birthmothers in fully Brodzinsky changes Chapter closed adoptions coded coders confidential adoptions curiosity decision degree of openness factors family openness fathers feelings fully disclosed adoptions grief resolution Grotevant included indicated interview involved issues Latino level of openness McRoy mediated and fully meetings ments negative offering openness ongoing mediated adoptions open adoptions openness arrangements openness category openness in adoption openness level openness options outcomes parent-child relationship parents and birthmother participants parties permanence perspectives pooled variance reported role adjustment sample scores social time-limited mediated adoptions tion triad members type of adoption understanding of adoption Uniform Adoption Act variables