Neurolinguistics: An Introduction to Spoken Language Processing and its Disorders (Google eBook)
What biological factors make human communication possible? How do we process and understand language? How does brain damage affect these mechanisms, and what can this tell us about how language is organized in the brain? The field of neurolinguistics seeks to answer these questions, which are crucial to linguistics, psychology and speech pathology alike. This textbook, first published in 2007, introduces the central topics in neurolinguistics: speech recognition, word and sentence structure, meaning, and discourse - in both 'normal' speakers and those with language disorders. It moves on to provide a balanced discussion of key areas of debate such as modularity and the 'language areas' of the brain, 'connectionist' versus 'symbolic' modelling of language processing, and the nature of linguistic and mental representations. Making accessible over half a century of scientific and linguistic research, and containing extensive study questions, it will be welcomed by all those interested in the relationship between language and the brain.
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Aspects of linguistic competence
The neuroanatomy of language
4Onmodularity and method
The problem of speech recognition
paradigms and ﬁndings
The speech recognition lexicon
Disorders of auditory processing
Sentence comprehension and syntactic parsing
Online processing working memory and modularity
Breakdown of discourse
Conclusion and prospectus
acoustic activation agrammatic anaphoric aphasics assignment auditory behavioural brain Broca’s aphasia cerebral cortex chapter cognitive competence complex components connectionist consonant construction context cortex cortical deﬁcit deﬁned difﬁculty discourse discrimination distinction English evidence ﬁeld ﬁndings ﬁrst function garden path sentences hypothesis identiﬁed impairment inﬂectional inﬂuences input judgements language processing lexical access lexical retrieval lexical semantic listener’s listeners lobe mechanism memory mental modular morphological motor nasal nasal consonant neural neural imaging normal noun object off-line paradigm parser past-tense patients pattern performance phonetic phonetic features phonological phonological forms phrase structure pragmatic priming effect properties psycholinguistic reference reﬂect relative clause representation schizophrenic semantic priming sensory sentence comprehension sentence processing signiﬁcant sound speakers speciﬁc speech perception speech recognition speech signal stimuli stop consonants studies subjects syntactic parsing task temporal thematic role theory thought disorder trace reactivation verb vowel Wernicke’s word recognition