Handbook to the Geology of Weymouth and the Island of Portland: With Notes on the Natural History of the Coast and Neighbourhood

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Edward Stanford, 1860 - Dorset (England) - 199 pages
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Page 161 - ... fishes gnawed upon ; Wedges of gold, great anchors, heaps of pearl, Inestimable stones, unvalued jewels, All scattered in the bottom of the sea. Some lay in dead men's skulls ; and in those holes Where eyes did once inhabit, there were crept (As 'twere in scorn of eyes) reflecting gems, That wooed the slimy bottom of the deep, And mocked the dead bones that lay scattered by.
Page 145 - This continued increasing, and before two o'clock the ground had sunk several feet, and was in one continual motion, but attended with no other noise than what was occasioned by the separation of the roots and brambles, and now and then a falling rock. At night it seemed to stop a little, but soon moved again, and before morning the ground, from the top of the cliff to the water-side, had sunk in some places fifty feet perpendicular. The extent of ground that moved was about a mile and a quarter...
Page 7 - From the top of Chimborazo to the bottom of the Atlantic, at the deepest place yet reached by the plummet in the Northern Atlantic, the distance in a vertical line is nine miles.
Page 85 - Report from which the above extracts are taken states that buildings situated in the country possess a great advantage over those in populous and smoky towns, owing to lichens with which they are covered in such situations, and which seem to exercise a protective influence against the ordinary causes of the decomposition of the stone upon which they grow.
Page 85 - Castle, near Weymouth, constructed of Portland oolite in the time of Henry VIII., is an example of that material in excellent condition ; a few decomposed stones used in the interior (and which are exceptions to this fact) being from another oolite in the immediate vicinity of the castle. Bow and Arrow Castle, and the neighbouring ruins of a church of the fourteenth century, in the Island of Portland, also afford instances of the Portland oolite in perfect condition. The new church in the island,...
Page 164 - Themselves, within their holy bound, Their stony folds had often found. They told, how sea-fowls...
Page 23 - ... mine shaft near Mousehole, Cornwall, where a dog had fallen into a solution of iron, and its body was found surrounded by iron-pyrites. In these and other well-known cases the hydrogen evolved from the decomposition of the animal matter is considered to take the oxygen both from the sulphuric acid and oxide of iron, so that the iron-pyrites, or bisulphuret of iron, is formed.
Page 86 - Portland, near the quarries from whence they were obtained. These blocks are invariably found to be covered with lichens, and although they have been exposed to all the vicissitudes of a marine atmosphere for more...
Page 86 - ... form, even to the marks of the chisel employed upon them ; whilst the stone which was taken...
Page 171 - The plesiosauri next claim our attention ; and, if the ichthyosaurus be considered extraordinary, we know not what term to apply to the plesiosaurus; an animal, whose structure, as Cuvier observes, is the most heteroclite, and its character altogether the most monstrous, of any that have yet been found amid the ruins of a former world. A lizard's head with crocodile teeth set on a serpent-like or rather swan-like neck of great length (the...

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