Textiles and Clothing, C.1150-c.1450
Among the most evocative items to be discovered by archaeologists are the scraps of silk and wool and other fabrics that signal so eloquently their owner's status and concerns. Such clothing and textile finds have figured prominently in excavations of medieval sites in London in the past two decades; they have included knitting, tapestries, silk hair-nets and elaborately patterned oriental, Islamic and Italian fabrics, which reveal for the first time the wide range of cloths available to medieval Londoners; there are beautifully made buttons, and buttonholes and edgings which display superb craftsmanship and a high level of needlework skills; the way that clothes were cut and sewn can be studied in detail. This highly readable account will be of wide general interest; dress historians and archaeologists will also find a wealth of new insights into the fashions, clothing and textile industries of medieval England and Europe. Contents include: The Excavations, Techniques used in Textile Production, Wool Textiles, Goathair Textiles, Linen Textiles, Silk Textiles, Mixed Cloths, Narrow Wares, Sewing Techniques and Tailoring, Dyes. THE AUTHORS Past and present staff of the Museum of London.
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Techniques used in textile production
Sewing techniques and tailoring
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12 throws Baynard's Castle Bias cut brown 2 throws buttonholes buttons century deposit chasuble cloth patterned cloths woven cm Pattern wefts cm Weft cm Width colour cords of paired Crowfoot deposit at BC72 deposit dating Dimensions dye tested edge cords Z/S-ply ends per cm England examples excavated extended tabby fabrics fibres four-shed twills fragments garment ground weft hairnet hose King & King lampas Last quarter 14th late 14th late 14th-century deposit linen loom madder main warp main weave medieval mid-brown mixed spinning paired ends pairs of ends picks per cm pieces preserved quarter 14th century reddish-purple S-spun yarn satin Scale seams selvedge silk cloth silk thread strip tabby weave tabby-woven cloth tablet weaving tablet-woven braid tablets textiles preserved three-shed twills throws brown throws light brown throws purple throws purplish-black throws red throws silk tury visible twist weft yarn weft-faced compound twill Width of band woad Wool textiles Z-diagonal