The Kaiping mines, 1877-1912

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East Asian Research Center, Harvard University; distributed by Harvard University Press, 1971 - Business & Economics - 235 pages
In this second edition, Li uses two arguments. First, he maintained that the development of communications, mining, and industry would contribute directly to the army and navy and to the operation of ships, shipyards, and arsenals. Secondly, he argued that guns and warships alone did not make a nation strong; a further source of strength was the wealth to be gained through developing communications and exploiting natural resources with Western methods.

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Expansion Under Tang Tingshu
Foreign Control

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