Everyday Talk: Building and Reflecting Identities
Learning how to listen to and analyze talk is fundamental to understanding human communication. This engaging text examines how the "little stuff" of everyday conversation--what we say and how we say it, the terms we use to refer to others, the content and style of stories we tell, and myriad other factors--expresses both who we are and who we want to be. The book draws on discourse analytic research and applies it to a wide range of real-life situations and examples, including private conversations among friends and family as well as interchanges in the classroom, workplace, and public settings. Interweaving rhetorical and cultural perspectives, the author gives particular attention to the ways talk reflects communicators' cultural and social background, nationality, ethnicity, social class, and gender, as well as the dynamics between particular conversational partners. Illuminated is the complex role that talking plays in building relationships and creating--and hopefully, resolving--relational problems.
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Talk and Identity
Why Is Understanding the Link between Everyday Talk and Identity So Important?
Interactional Meanings and IdentityWork
What Does Identity Mean?
What Are Discursive Practices?
Complex Discourse Practices
Turn Taking in Institutional Encounters
The Remedial Interchange
Speech Community Differences
The Rhetorical Perspective
The Cultural Perspective
The Relationship between the Rhetorical and the Cultural Perspectives
Talks Building Blocks
Ethnicity and RaceLinked References
The Membership Categorization Device
Links between Speech Acts and Identities
Especially FaceThreatening Speech Acts
The Sound of Talk
The IdentityWork of Paralinguistic Devices
Meanings of Stable Features of Voice
Dialect or Accent
Speaking English and American Identity
Direct or Indirect Style
Other Facets of Style Directness
Everyday Narratives and Their Key Features
Functions of Narratives
Interest and Involvement and Their Opposites
Marked and Unmarked Forms
Multiple Communicative Goals and Dilemmas
Talk and Institutional Identity
A Gift Not a Distortion
Communicative Effectiveness and Phronesis
About the Author
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