Exploring the Syntax-Semantics Interface
Language is a system of communication in which grammatical structures function to express meaning in context. While all languages can achieve the same basic communicative ends, they each use different means to achieve them, particularly in the divergent ways that syntax, semantics and pragmatics interact across languages. This book looks in detail at how structure, meaning, and communicative function interact in human languages. Working within the framework of Role and Reference Grammar (RRG), Van Valin proposes a set of rules, called the 'linking algorithm', which relates syntactic and semantic representations to each other, with discourse-pragmatics playing a role in the linking. Using this model, he discusses the full range of grammatical phenomena, including the structures of simple and complex sentences, verb and argument structure, voice, reflexivization and extraction restrictions. Clearly written and comprehensive, this book will be welcomed by all those working on the interface between syntax, semantics and pragmatics.
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Lexical representation and semantic roles
Syntactic relations and case marking
Linking syntactic and semantic representations
Acehnese active accomplishment actor actor and undergoer adjunct adposition adverbs argument position assignment CAUSE BECOME Chris clausal completeness constraint complex sentences constituent Constructional schema cosubordination Dana dative default direct core argument Dyirbal embedded clause English relative clause example focus structure function head noun head-marking languages Hence Icelandic illocutionary force INGR interpretation intransitive Jakaltek Kalkatungu Lakhota language-specific languages layered structure lexical linked core linking algorithm Linking from semantics Linking from syntax macrorole markedness marker matrix core modified narrow focus NP NUC nuclear junctures nucleus occur periphery pivot possible potential focus domain pragmatic precore slot predicate focus preposition preposition stranding principle privileged syntactic argument pronoun quantifier ranking argument reflexive reflexivization relative clause restricted role hierarchy semantic argument semantic representation semantics to syntax semelfactives SENTENCE CLAUSE subordinate clause syntactic pivot syntax to semantics tense thematic relations topic transitive verb Valin and LaPolla WH-question WH-word woman