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additions adds already Ambrosius Annales appears Arthur Arthurian Arthurian period Aurelius battle Bede beginning brief Britain British Britons brought Brut called Celtic century certainly changes chap character chronicles Class comes connection conquest death discussion earlier edition England English episode especially evidently existed fact fight figure fols France French Geoffrey Geoffrey's Gildas given gives Hardy Hengist Henry idea important includes instance interesting killed king knights later Latin Layamon least legend less manuscripts material mention merely Merlin Modred narrative natural Nennius Nennius's omits original Paris perhaps period popular possible probably prophecies reason refers reign represents Robert Rolls Series romance Saxons says seems shows sometimes sources speaks statement story suggested taken takes tion took tradition translation true Uther viii Vortigern Wace Wace's Welsh whole writer written
Page 50 - Lancarven, my contemporary ; as I do also the kings of the Saxons to William of Malmesbury and Henry of Huntingdon. But I advise them to be silent concerning the kings of the Britons since they have not that book written in the British tongue, which Walter, archdeacon of Oxford, brought out of Britain, and which being a true history published in honour of those princes, I have thus taken care to translate.
Page 14 - Mary on his shoulders 1 and a great slaughter was made of the pagans; the ninth at Urbs Legionis ; the tenth on the shore of the river which is called Tribuit ; the eleventh on the mountain Agned ; the twelfth on Mount Badon, when Arthur alone in one day killed nine hundred and sixty men ; 2 and in all the battles he was victor. But the enemy continually received aid from Germany, whence they brought kings to rule over those of them who were in Britain up to the time of Ida, who was the first king...
Page 99 - I pass by all the things about the Britons before the time of Julius Caesar which this fellow invented, or adopted after they had been invented by others, and wrote down for true. ... It is manifest that everything which this person wrote about Arthur and his successors, and his predecessors after 1 See pp.
Page 53 - See p. 115, below. directly stimulated to envy by the success of William of Malmesbury and Henry of Huntingdon,1 who were also proteges of Earl Robert and Bishop Alexander, and whose histories certainly had some influence on his work. William of Newburgh proposed as efficient causes for Geoffrey's procedure, an inordinate love of lying and a desire to please the Britons. This latter motive is intelligible enough in a born Welshman, who may have wished to make other nations believe that the annals...
Page 223 - Nevertheless, he defends the historicity of Arthur ; to use Leland's words, in " a hole Chapitre speking agayne them that beleve not Arthure to have beene King of Britaine." Later, he mentions the discovery of Arthur's tomb and Richard's gift of Calibourne to Tancred.6 VI. THE VERSION OF GEOFFREY'S STORY INCLUDED IN THE RECUEIL OF SIRE JEHAN DE WAVRIN At least as early as the first quarter of the fifteenth century, perhaps no later than 1390, there was composed in French and in France, by a writer...
Page 14 - Twelve battles are here given, including the twelfth, Mount Badon, when Arthur "alone in one day killed nine hundred and sixty men " 5 and in which he was victor.5 In the eighth battle at the fortress Guinnion, it is 1 For Welsh Arthur see below, Chap. VIII. 2 These questions...
Page 50 - to be silent about the kings of the Britons, since they have not that book in the British language, which Walter, Archdeacon of Oxford, brought out of Brittany.
Page 246 - Considdering all his infelicitie, Haif e to richt and lat affectioun be, I hald him for the maist vnhappie king Off all the Britis that did in Britane ring. For-quhy he wes so faithles and wntrew To king Modred, befoir as I sow schew, And manesworn als, the hand of God thairfore, As ressone wald, it tuechit him full soir.
Page 38 - This is the Arthur of whom the idle tales of the Britons rave even unto this day ; a man worthy to be celebrated not in the foolish dreams of deceitful fables, but in truthful histories. For he long sustained the declining fortunes of his native land, and roused the uncrushed spirit of the people to war.
Page 136 - Tiad the body of the dead emperor cared for with great honor ; Geoffrey merely mentions his scornful sending of it to Rome.1 That Wace knew Gawain from other sources than Geoffrey 2 is shown by the praise of him which he adds at the first mention of his name.8 In one striking instance Wace introduces the characteristic romance conception of Gawain.4 When, in the council of Arthur's. lords, Cador has made his speech in favor of war, Gawain (according to Wace) replies, praising peace. The pleasures...