Latin Alphabet Ligatures: Ampersand, W, , Umlaut, Typographic Ligature, Ij, SS, , , R, , , Letterlike Symbols, Ring, Capital SS, Ou

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General Books, 2010 - 114 pages
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 32. Chapters: Ampersand, W, Trema, Typographic ligature,, IJ,,,,,, Ring, Capital, Ou, E caudata, QP digraph, DB digraph. Excerpt: A trema (from Ancient Greek: tr ma; plural tremas or tremata) is a diacritic consisting of two dots ( ) placed over a letter, most commonly a vowel. (When that letter is an i, the diacritic replaces the tittle: .) The trema is usually used to denote one of two distinct phonological phenomena: diaeresis (pronounced -?-s?s), in which the trema is used to show that a vowel letter is not part of a digraph or diphthong; and umlaut (pronounced -lowt), in which the trema denotes a sound shift. The diacritical mark is itself commonly referred to as either a diaeresis or umlaut, depending on which role it is fulfilling. The two uses originated separately, with the diaeresis being considerably older. In modern computer systems using Unicode, umlaut and diaeresis are identical: represents both a-umlaut and a-diaeresis. DiaeresisThe diaeresis indicates that two adjoining letters that would normally form a digraph and be pronounced as one are instead to be read as separate, either as a diphthong or as two distinct vowels in two syllables. The diaeresis indicates that a vowel should be pronounced apart from the letter that precedes it. For example, in the spelling co perate, the diaeresis reminds the reader that the word has four syllables co-op-er-ate, not three, *coop-er-ate. In English, this usage is becoming archaic but languages such as Dutch, French, and Spanish make regular use of the diaeresis. By extension, the diaeresis is also used to denote similar distinctions, such as marking the schwa in Albanian. Umlaut"Um"+"laut" is German for "around/changed"+"sound." It refers to a historical sound shift in that language. In German, the umlaut diacritic is found as, and . The name is us...

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