Access to Affordable and Nutritious Food: Measuring and Understanding Food Deserts and Their Consequences: Report to Congress
The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 directed the U.S. Dept. of Agr. to conduct a 1-year study to assess the extent of areas with limited access to affordable and nutritious food, identify characteristics and causes of such areas, consider how limited access affects local populations, and outline recommend. to address the problem. This report presents the findings of the study, which include results from two conferences of national and internat. authorities on food deserts and a set of research studies. It also includes reviews of existing literature, a national-level assessment of access to large grocery stores and supermarkets, analysis of the economic and public health effects of limited access, and a discussion of existing policy interventions. Illus.
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Access to Affordable access to food access to supermarkets Affordable and Nutritious analysis areas with limited availability average beneﬁts Census Center Working Paper characteristics Community Food Projects Community Food Security Consequences consumers convenience stores deﬁned Department of Agriculture diet-related distance fast food restaurants ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst food access Food and Nutrition food environment food retailers Food Security food shopping Food Stamp food system foodstores fruits and vegetables grocery shopping healthy foods High access higher income households income areas intake large grocery stores limited access list of supermarkets live in low-income low access low-income areas Measure of Access Measuring and Understanding Medium access mile National Poverty Center nearest supermarket neighborhood Nutrition Service Nutritious Food obesity percent Policy rural areas SNAP participants speciﬁc supercenters supermarket access U.S. Census Bureau U.S. Department U.S. population Understanding Food Deserts Urban Agriculture urban areas urban clusters USDA vehicle whole grains