Mapping Species Distributions: Spatial Inference and Prediction

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 7, 2010 - Nature
Maps of species' distributions or habitat suitability are required for many aspects of environmental research, resource management and conservation planning. These include biodiversity assessment, reserve design, habitat management and restoration, species and habitat conservation plans and predicting the effects of environmental change on species and ecosystems. The proliferation of methods and uncertainty regarding their effectiveness can be daunting to researchers, resource managers and conservation planners alike. Franklin summarises the methods used in species distribution modeling (also called niche modeling) and presents a framework for spatial prediction of species distributions based on the attributes (space, time, scale) of the data and questions being asked. The framework links theoretical ecological models of species distributions to spatial data on species and environment, and statistical models used for spatial prediction. Providing practical guidelines to students, researchers and practitioners in a broad range of environmental sciences including ecology, geography, conservation biology, and natural resources management.
 

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Contents

Why do We need species distribution models?
21
Ecological understanding of species distributions
34
The data needed for modeling species distributions
53
An overview of the modeling methods
105
Machine learning methods
154
Model evaluation and implementation
207
Implementation of species distribution models
235
References
262
Index
318
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About the author (2010)

Janet Franklin has been a Professor of Biology and Adjunct Professor of Geography at San Diego State University, where she was on the faculty from 1988–2009. In 2009 she joined the faculty of Arizona State University as a Professor in the Schools of Geographical Sciences and Life Sciences. She received the Bachelors' degree on Environmental Biology (1979), the Master of Arts (1983), and the PhD (1988) in Geography, all from the University of California, Santa Barbara. Her research interests include biogeography, landscape ecology, plant ecology, biophysical remote sensing, digital terrain analysis, and geographic information science. She has conducted research on plant community composition, structure, dynamics and spatio-temporal patterns in Mediterranean-climate ecosystems, deserts, tropical dry forests and rain forests. She was the Editor of The Professional Geographer (1997–2000) Board Member of Landscape Ecology (2000–5), and Associate Editor of Journal of Vegetation Science (1999–2006). She is currently a Board Member of Ecology and Diversity and Distributions. She has published more than 80 refereed book chapters and papers in journals Ecological Applications, Ecological Modelling, the Journal of Vegetation Science, Ecology, Diversity and Distributions, the Journal of Tropical Ecology and Conservation Biology. She has received research support from NSF, NASA, USGS, Forest Service, California State Parks, National Geographic Society, and others.

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