Dirʻiyyah and the First Saudi State
Two and a half centuries ago, the first Saudi state arose in the heart of Arabia. It dominated the Peninsula and its holy places from 1745 to 1818. Then it was crushed by the mighty Ottomans. This major work by historian William Facey tells the gripping story of this little-known empire. He traces the rise of the capital Dir'iyyah, whose crumbling ruins lie scattered in the desert north of Riyadh. This is a tale of national identity, power politics and war. The ruins of Dir'iyyah have been specially photographed for this book. A reconstruction of life as it would have been lived 200 years ago sheds new light on this dramatic story.
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18th century Abd al-'Aziz al-Hasa al-Kharj al-Qasim al-Washm artillery assault Banu Hanifah Banu Khalid Bayt al-Mal bedouin buildings Bujayri Cairo camels campaign caravans central Arabia centre chief clan commander courtyard defenders desert Dir'iyyah Durma Egypt Egyptian Faisal force fortification Ghalib Ghasibah Hajr Hijaz Holy Cities House of Saud Huraymila ibn Abd al-Wahhab Ibn Bishr Ibn Mu'ammar ibn Saud Ibrahim Pasha Imam Abdullah Imam Saud Imam's Islamic Jabal Tuwayq Jubaylah Karbala Lower Najd Madinah Makkah Manfuhah Mishari Mosque mud bricks Muhammad Ali Muhammad ibn Abd Mulaybid Muqrin Muslim Mutayr Najdi settlements Najdi towns nomads oasis Ottoman Palace of Sa'd Palace of Thunayyan palm qabiliyyun qadi raids Rass reform movement religious restored Riyadh ru'asa rule ruler Sadleir Salwa Palaces Saud's Saudi Sayigh settled settlers Shaqra Sharif Shaykh Muhammad ibn siege stone Sultan tower tribal tributary troops Turayf Turki Tusun ulama Unayzah Uyaynah Wadi Hanifah Wahhabi wall Watban Yemen