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accompanied according Alps already ancient appear basin beds beneath border Carpathians chain coast completely consists containing continued Cordillera corresponds course covered Cretaceous deposits described direction distance earthquakes east eastern eruptive example existing extend fact fault fauna feet finally folds followed formation fracture fragments further geol Geology gneiss granite height horizontal important indicated island isolated Italy Jurassic kilometers known lake land later lies limestone lower marine mass Mediterranean mentioned meters middle mountains movement north-east north-west northern Nummulitic observed occur older outer parallel pass period plain plateau present probably range reach recent regarded region remains remarkable represented rest rise river rocks runs sandstone schist separated side slope south-west southern stage strata strike structure subsidence Tertiary traces Trias upper valley volcanic western whole zone
Page 65 - And the LORD smelled a sweet savour ; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.
Page 10 - Why then is not every geological formation and every stratum full of such intermediate links? Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely graduated organic chain; and this, perhaps, is the most obvious and serious objection which can be urged against the theory. The explanation lies, as I believe, in the extreme imperfection of the geological record.
Page 104 - ... activity of the volcanoes during and after the earthquake; he believed he saw elevation, although not uniform elevation of the solid ground; in addition he saw the terraces along the coast. But he also knew that similar terraces occur on the east coast of South America, where there are no volcanoes and no earthquakes. The earthquakes must therefore have appeared to his eyes as the local expression of a universal force. The secular contraction of the earth, a theory already eagerly advocated by...
Page 575 - Basin,' remarks Clarence King, has suffered two different types of dynamic action: one in which the chief factor was evidently tangential compression, which resulted in contraction and plication, presumably in post-Jurassic time; the other of strictly vertical action, presumably within the Tertiary, in which there are few evidences or traces of tangential compression.
Page 598 - ... folds of Eurasia advancing to the south, but elsewhere, as far as it is known to us, surrounded solely by faults and divided in two by the Indian ocean. " The second unit is South America, a shield, as it were, girdled on three sides by mountain ramparts ; broken off without perceptible trend lines on the east and northeast, and with open virgation of the branches of the mountains to the southeast between Cape Horn and Cabo Corrientes. " The Cordillera of the Antilles shows a closer affinity...
Page 8 - Silurian formation, recurs in parts of the earth so widely removed from one another — from Lake Ladoga to the Argentine Andes, and from Arctic America to Australia — always attended by such characteristic features, and how does it happen that particular horizons of various ages may be compared to or distinguished from other horizons over such large areas, that in fact these stratigraphical subdivisions extend over the whole globe...
Page 598 - ... recognized continents of Paleozoic time. Relations of Precambrian Continents to Paleozoic Continents Suess (Suess-Sollas, v. i, p. 600) has from his classical survey of the present fold systems of the earth distinguished the following units among the continents: " The first of these is Indo-Africa, the greatest tableland of the earth, limited on its northern border, from the point where the Wady Draa discharges into the Atlantic ocean to the mouth of the Brahmaputra, by the folds of Eurasia advancing...
Page 167 - Synopsis der drei Naturreiche" dar, durch welche JOHANNES LEÜNIS durch Einfährung der analytischen Methode beim Unterricht das Studium der Naturwissenschaften in allgemein anerkannter Weise so wesentlich gefördert hat. H. ROSENBUSCH: die Steiger Schiefer und ihre Contactzone an den Granititen von Barr-Andlau und Hohwald.
Page 46 - To the eye it did not appear more elevated in one place than another, and could be traced both east and west as far as it could reach ; the natives assigned to it a total length of fifty miles. It must not, however, be supposed to be a narrow stripe like an artificial dam, as it extends inland to Raomaka-bazar, perhaps to a breadth of sixteen miles, and appeared to be a great upheaving of nature. Its surface was covered with saline soil, and I have already stated that it consisted of clay, shells,...
Page 107 - ... by the more or less vertical relative displacement of larger or smaller portions of the earth's crust. " There are large areas in which the first, and others in which the second group predominates, and there are also regions in which both groups appear together, and in which an intimate connection may be recognized between them, the resolution of the movements in space having in these cases been less complete. This essential difference in the. movements of the lithosphere may be clearly perceived...