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animals antiquity appearance bird body bones breadth British bronze brown Caithness Carboniferous central clay coast colour Cramond crust crystal dark deposit depth dorsal fin Dr Smith earth Edinburgh examination exhibited existence eyes feathers feet felspar finlets Firth fish following Donations formation formed fossil genus geological geologists George Logan glacial gradually granite gravel head heat horns igneous inches in length insects John Alexander Smith land Library were laid limestone lower M'Bain male mass material molecules measures metamorphic miles mineral Museum natural nearly observed occipital ocean Old Calabar Old Red Sandstone optic paper pectoral fins plumage porphyry portion present quartz remark river rocks rounded Royal Society sand schists Scotland seen shells shores shot side Silurian skull snout species specimen spheroidal spines spots stone strata surface Synapta tail temperature theory tion upper Water of Leith whole
Page 245 - ... some philosophers to infer, that, during the ages contemplated in geology, there has never been any interruption to the agency of the same uniform laws of change. The same assemblage of general causes, they conceive, may have been sufficient to produce, by their various combinations, the endless diversity of effects, of which the shell of the earth has preserved the memorials ; and, consistently with these principles, the recurrence of analogous changes is expected by them in time to come.
Page 29 - The Canadian Naturalist and Geologist, and Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Montreal, conducted by a Committee of the Natural History Society,
Page 318 - The man of science, says Dr. Tait, ought to go on, "honestly, patiently, diffidently, observing and storing up his observations, and carrying his reasonings unflinchingly to their legitimate conclusions, convinced that it would be treason to the majesty at once of science and of religion if he sought to help either by swerving ever so little from the straight rule of truth*.
Page 246 - ... and springs, which we know to be in general an index of the mean temperature of the climate, would be warmer in all latitudes. The waters of lakes, therefore, and rivers, would be much hotter in winter, and would be never chilled in summer by melted snow and ice. A remarkable uniformity of climate would prevail amid the archipelagos of the temperate and polar oceans, where the tepid waters of equatorial currents would freely circulate. The general humidity of the atmosphere would far exceed that...
Page 51 - President, in the Chair. The following Donations to the Library were laid on the table, aim thanks voted to the Donors : — 1.
Page 243 - Alps, it would be driven up into the higher and more rarefied regions of the atmosphere. There the aerial current, as fast as it was cooled, would discharge its aqueous burden in the form of snow, so that the same wind which is now called " the devourer of ice " would become its principal feeder.
Page 116 - A glance at the names of a few of the great organizations instituted in different parts of the world at the close of the last and beginning of the present century...
Page 366 - The following donations to the library were laid on the table, and thanks voted to their respective donors : — ' The Transactions of the China Branch of the Royal Asia, tic Society
Page 64 - ... thus produced, extending forwards and backwards, like parapets, upon each side of the primitive groove, lay the foundations of the lateral walls, not only of the skull, but of the spinal column. Very early, however, the boundary line between skull and spinal column is...