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activities amount analysis animal applied artist arts civilised conscious considerable conspicuous leisure consumers cooperation creative demand desires direct distinction distribution division of labour duction economic economic rent economic system efficiency effort elements employment evoke evolution expenditure fact factors factors of production fatigue forms glycogen human costs human utility human valuation human welfare illth imitation income increase individual industry injurious instinct intellectual interest invention involves larger leisure machine machinery manual labour material means ment merely modern modes moral motives muscular nature needs nervous nomic operation organic welfare organisation physical processes production and consumption productive energy profit progress proportion purpose quantity realise recognise regarded repetition routine satisfaction saving scientific Scientific Management sense skill social society sorts specialisation standard of consumption standpoint sumer sumption supply surplus tastes tion tive trade vital wages waste wealth workers working-class
Page 222 - Taylor has an interesting passage bearing on this question: 'Now one of the very first requirements for a man who is fit to handle pig-iron as a regular occupation is that he shall be stupid and so phlegmatic that he more nearly resembles
Page 66 - poisoning the muscles, poisoning the brain, poisoning the heart, poisoning at last the blood itself, starting in the intricate machinery of the body new poisons in addition to themselves. The hunted hare, run to death, dies not because he is choked for want of breath, nor because his heart stands still, its store of energy having given out, but because
Page 222 - stupid and so phlegmatic that he more nearly resembles in his mental make-up the ox than any other type.
Page 12 - The essential work of the political economist is to determine what are in reality useful or life-giving things, and by what degrees and
Page 339 - Quantitative method must spread in politics and must transform the vocabulary and the associations of that mental world into which the young politician enters. Fortunately, such a change seems at least to be beginning. Every year larger and more exact collections of
Page xi - application of the best-approved formulas of individual and social welfare, and to indicate the most hopeful measures of remedy for a society sufficiently intelligent, courageous and self-governing to apply them. Such a work evidently presents a large
Page 69 - muscular strength. . . . This fact explains why muscular training cannot go beyond certain limits and why athletes are often broken down by the consequences of over-exertion. And this fact teaches also the practical necessity of preventing women, children, and even adult men from becoming subjected to
Page 364 - Être un membre de la Convention, c'était être une vague de l'Océan. Et ceci était vrai des plus grands. La force d'impulsion venait d'en haut. Il y avait dans la Convention une volonté qui était celle de tous et n 'était celle de personne. Cette volonté était une idée, idée indomptable et démesurée qui soufflait dans l'ombre du haut du ciel. Nous appelons cela la Révolution.
Page 365 - May not then the whole process of the rationalisation of man be regarded as a bringing of the individual man into vital communion of thought and feeling with the thoughts and feelings of the race, of humanity, perhaps of the larger organic being of the kosmos?