Crossing the Aegean: An Appraisal of the 1923 Compulsory Population Exchange between Greece and Turkey

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Renée Hirschon
Berghahn Books, May 30, 2003 - Social Science - 320 pages
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Following the defeat of the Greek Army in 1922 by nationalist Turkish forces, the 1923 Lausanne Convention specified the first internationally ratified compulsory population exchange. It proved to be a watershed in the eastern Mediterranean, having far-reaching ramifications both for the new Turkish Republic, and for Greece which hadto absorb over a million refugees. Known as the Asia Minor Catastrophe by the Greeks, it marked the establishment of the independent nation state for the Turks. The consequences of this event have received surprisingly little attention despite the considerable relevance for the contemporary situation in the Balkans. This volume addresses the challenge of writing history from both sides of the Aegean and provides, for the first time, a forum for multidisciplinary dialogue across national boundaries.

 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Unmixing Peoples in the Aegean Region
3
Chapter 2 The Consequences of the Lausanne Convention
13
Part II Political Economic and Policy Aspects
21
POPULATION EXCHANGES IN INTERNATIONAL LAW AND POLICY
23
Chapter 4 The Consequences of the Exchange of Populations for Turkey
39
Political Continuations and Realignments in the Greek State
53
Chapter 6 Economic Consequences following Refugee Settlement in Greek Macedonia 19231932
63
THE TURKISH EXPERIENCE OF POPULATION EXCHANGE RECONSIDERED
79
Parrt III Social and Cultural Aspects
161
Chapter 12 Housing and the Architectural Expression of Asia Minor Greeks Before and After 1923
163
MEMORY AND RELIGION IN TWO CAPPADOCIAN GREEK SETTLEMENTS
179
THE EXPERIENCE OF FORCED MIGRANTS IN TURKEY
193
THE REFORMULATION OF ETHNIC IDENTITY IN AN AEGEAN COMMUNITY
209
THE UNDERTONE OF TEXTS
221
Chapter 17 The Myth of Asia Minor in Greek Fiction
235
THE CONTRIBUTION OF ASIA MINOR REFUGEES TO GREEK POPULAR SONG AND ITS RECEPTION
247

LESSONS FROM ARTICLES 1 AND 2 OF THE 1923 CONVENTION
97
THE IDENTITY ISSUE OF THE MINORITIES IN GREECE AND TURKEY
117
TEMPORARY SOLUTIONS AND LONGTERM DYSFUNCTIONS
133
SETTLEMENT POLICY ISSUES IN THE CONTEMPORARY GREEK CONTEXT
145
References
261
Appendix
281
Index
289
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About the author (2003)

Renée Hirschon was educated at the universities of Cape Town, Chicago and Oxford. Intensive fieldwork among the Asia Minor refugees settled in Piraeus resulted in the monograph "Heirs of the Greek Catastrophe". She has been Senior Lecturer at Oxford Brookes University, and Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of the Aegean. She is currently Senior Research Fellow at St Peter's College University of Oxford, Senior Member at St Antony's College University of Oxford and Research Associate at the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Oxford.

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