An Essay on the History of Civil Society

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A. Millar & T. Caddel in the Strand, London, and A. Kincaid & J. Bell, Edinburgh, 1767 - Civil society - 430 pages

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Page 383 - Heroes are much the fame, the point's agreed, From Macedonia's madman to the Swede; The whole ftrange purpofe of their lives, to find Or make, an enemy of all mankind!
Page 28 - It is here indeed, if ever, that man is sometimes found a detached and a solitary being: he has found an object which sets him in competition with his fellow-creatures, and he deals with them as he does with his cattle and his soil, for the sake of the profits they bring.
Page 172 - Europe, have scarcely given way to the differences of religion and civil establishments, are found, however, with an abatement of heat in the climate, to be more easily changed, in one latitude, into a temporary passion, which engrosses the mind without enfeebling it, and which excites to romantic achievements.
Page 36 - But it is vain to expect that we can give to the multitude of a people a sense of union among themselves, without admitting hostility to those who opposed them.
Page 8 - ... superior race; that neither the possession of similar organs, nor the approximation of shape, nor the use of the hand, nor the continued intercourse with this sovereign artist, has enabled any other species to blend their nature or their inventions with his; that, in his rudest state, he is found to be above them; and in his greatest degeneracy, never descends to their level. He is, in short, a man in every condition; and we can learn nothing of his nature from the analogy of other animals.
Page 85 - ... made for himself. He must forego his happiness and his freedom, where these interfere with the good of society. He is only part of a whole; and the praise we think due to his virtue, is but a branch of that more general commendation we bestow on the member of a body, on the pan of a fabric or engine, for being well fitted to occupy its place, and to produce its effect.
Page 12 - If we admit that man is susceptible of improvement, and has in himself a principle of progression, and a desire of perfection, it appears improper to say, that he has quitted the state of his nature, when he has begun to proceed; or that he finds a station for which he was not intended, while, like other animals, he only follows the disposition, and employs the powers that nature has given.
Page 5 - ... we are to take the history of every active being from his conduct in the situation to which he is formed, not from his appearance in any forced or uncommon condition; a wild man, therefore, caught in the woods, where he had always lived apart . from his species, is a singular instance, not a specimen of any general character.
Page 5 - ... in what degree the powers of apprehension and sentiment could exist where they had not been employed, and what would be the defects and imbecilities of a heart in which the emotions that pertain to society had never been felt.
Page 98 - How beautiful a pre-eminence on the side of popular government! and how ardently should mankind wish for the form, if it tended to establish the principle, or were, in every instance, a sure indication of its presence! But perhaps we must have possessed the principle, in order, with any hopes of advantage, to receive the form...

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