Manufactures of the United States in 1860: Compiled from the Original Returns of the Eighth Census, Under the Direction of the Secretary of the Interior

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1865 - Manufactures - 745 pages
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Page clviii - no hats or felts, dyed or undyed, finished or unfinished, shall be put on board any vessel in any place within any of the British plantations ; nor be laden upon any horse or other carriage to the intent to be exported from thence to any other plantation, or to any other place whatever, upon forfeiture thereof, and the offender shall likewise pay 500 for every such offence.
Page iv - ... in this art does not always keep pace with their improvement in manufactures. The most opulent nations, indeed, generally excel all their neighbors in agriculture as well as in manufactures ; but they are commonly more distinguished by their superiority in the latter than in the former.
Page ccv - for the better encouragement of the making of engines for the propagating of the staples of the Province," and, in 1707, another for "encouraging the making of potash and saltpetre," followed, in 1712, by an Act "for encouraging the building Saw-mills and other mechanic engines...
Page ccix - State, ami designed to turn horizontally in the same direction the sides of steep hills, which, in northern Europe, was effected by a shifting mouldboard, constituting the variety called turn-wrest ploughs. Colonel Randolph's plough was made with two wings welded to the same bar, with their planes at right angles to each other, so that by turning the bar adjusted to an axis either wing could be laid flat on the ground, while the other, standing vertically, served as a mouldboard.
Page ccxiii - ... obtained a high repute, and are said to have been counterfeited in England. The mammoth scythe factory of RB Dunn, at North Wayne, in Maine, was a few years ago considered the largest in the world. In 1849 it turned out 12,000 dozens, requiring 450,000 pounds of iron, 75,000 pounds of steel, 1,200 tons of hard coal, 10,000 bushels of charcoal, 100 tons of grindstones, and half a ton of borax. About the same time, the scythe and cast-steel fork manufactory of D.
Page ccviii - It has received few modifications there down to this time. Even in England, at that period, the plough was an exceedingly rude and cumbersome affair compared with the best now in use. It was no uncommon thing in parts of the island thirty years ago to see from three to five horses in light soils, and in heavy ones sometimes, as many as seven attached to a plough, which turned about three-quarters of an acre per diem. The old Scotch plough was 'still worse, and in Scotland, where agricultural machinery...
Page ccv - ... improver of agriculture in the last century. He even attempted an automatic threshing-machine, and incurred the usual charge of being a visionary innovator. The profit of drill husbandry was also demonstrated by John Wynn Baker, of Kildare. in Ireland, who in 1766 commenced a series of experiments with a view of systematizing agricultural knowledge by establishing fixed principles of rural economy, and showed by actual experiment that the saving effected by the drill and horse-hoe amounted in...
Page ccviii - Scotch swing-plough, which, since made wholly of iron, has long been regarded as the best in use in England. In 1785 Robert Ransome, of Ipswich, introduced castiron shares, and about 1803 made improvements still in use, by making the cutting edges of chilled iron harder than steel, by casting them in moulds upon bars of cold iron. The making of the first iron plough has been attributed to William Allan, a farmer of Lanarkshire, in Scotland, in 1804, but an iron plough was presented to the Society...
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Page ccxii - ... also an apparatus for bagging the grain when clean. The English threshing-machines, especially those drawn by steam, have a much more finished appearance, but for simplicity and efficiency they are in no way superior to those of American manufacture. In fact, wherever the American threshing-machines have come into direct competition with those of British and European construction, the American machines have proved superior.

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