Hans Reichenbach: Logical Empiricist

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M.H. Salmon
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 31, 1979 - Science - 793 pages
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Logical empiricism - not to be confused with logical positivism (see pp. 40-44) - is a movement which has left an indelible mark on twentieth century philosophy; Hans Reichenbach (1891-1953) was one of its found ers and one of its most productive advocates. His sudden and untimely death in 1953 halted his work when he was at the height of his intellectual powers; nevertheless, he bequeathed to us a handsome philosophical inheritance. At the present time, twenty-five years later, we can survey our heritage and see to what extent we have been enriched. The present collection of essays constitutes an effort to do just that - to exhibit the scope and unity of Reichenbach's philosophy, and its relevance to current philosophical issues. There is no Nobel Prize in philosophy - the closest analogue is a volume in The Library of Living Philosophers, an honor which, like the Nobel Prize, cannot be awarded posthumously. Among 'scientific philosophers,' Rudolf Carnap, Albert Einstein, Karl Popper, and Bertrand Russell have been so honored. Had Reichenbach lived longer, he would have shared the honor with Carnap, for at the time of his death a volume on Logical Empiricism, treating the works of Carnap and Reichenbach, was in its early stages of preparation. In the volume which emerged, Carnap wrote, "In 1953, when Reichenbach's creative activity was suddenly ended by his premature death, our movement lost one of its most active leaders.
 

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Contents

THE PHILOSOPHY OF HANS REICHENBACH
1
INFERENCE PRACTICE AND THEORY
85
RELATIVE FREQUENCIES
129
THE PROBABILITIES OF THEORIES AS FREQUENCIES
169
REICHENBACH REFERENCE CLASSES AND SINGLE CASE PROBABILITIES
187
REICHENBACHS ENTANGLEMENTS
221
REICHENBACH ON CONVENTION
239
HANS REICHENBACHS RELATIVITY OF GEOMETRY
251
HANS REICHENBACH ON THE LOGIC OF QUANTUM MECHANICS
427
REICHENBACH AND THE LOGIC OF QUANTUM MECHANICS
475
REICHENBACH AND THE INTERPRETATION OF QUANTUM MECHANICS
513
CAUSAL ANOMALIES AND THE COMPLETENESS OF QUANTUM THEORY
567
METAPHYSICAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE QUANTUM THEORY
605
CONSISTENCY PROOFS FOR APPLIED MATHEMATICS
625
A GENERATIVE MODEL FOR TRANSLATING FROM ORDINARY LANGUAGE INTO SYMBOLIC NOTATION
637
LAWS MODALITIES AND COUNTERFACTUALS
655

WEYL AND REICHENBACH
267
REICHENBACH AND CONVENTIONALISM
305
THE GEOMETRY OF THE ROTATING DISK IN THE SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY
321
TWO LECTURES ON THE DIRECTION OF TIME
341
WHAT MIGHT BE RIGHT ABOUT THE CAUSAL THEORY OF TIME
367
CONCERNING A PROBABILISTIC THEORY OF CAUSATION ADEQUATE FOR THE CAUSAL THEORY OF TIME
385
WHY ASK WHY?? AN INQUIRY CONCERNING SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION
403
REICHENBACHS THEORY OF NOMOLOGICAL STATEMENTS
697
ACHILLES HEEL OF THE SYSTEM?
721
BIBLIOGRAPHY
731
INDEX OF NAMES
751
ANALYTICAL INDEX OF SUBJECTS
759
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About the author (1979)

Born in Detroit, Michigan, the philosopher of science Wesley Charles Salmon received his M.A. from the University of Chicago, where he studied theology and metaphysics. He then shifted his interest to the philosophy of science at the University of California at Los Angeles, where he studied under Hans Reichenbach. After receiving his Ph.D. at UCLA in 1950, Salmon became an instructor at Washington State University, followed by appointments at Northwestern, Brown, and Indiana universities. From 1973 to 1981 he served on the faculty of the University of Arizona and then became professor of philosophy at the University of Pittsburgh. Noted for his contributions to the philosophy of inductive inference, Salmon focused on causality and scientific explanation. His 1966 essay The Foundations of Scientific Inference offered a concise treatise on the problem of induction, its historical roots, and modern approaches to its solution. Later study and writings continued his efforts to strengthen locial empiricism in scientific thought. Salmon's fullest statement of his theory of inductive inference is found in Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World (1984).

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