Beneath the Surface: A Natural History of Australian Caves

Front Cover
Elery Hamilton-Smith, Brian Finlayson
UNSW Press, 2003 - Nature - 182 pages
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Caves are exciting places to visit, whether you are a tourist, a sporting caver or a scientist in one of the many disciplines which use caves as natural laboratories. This book comprehensively reviews what we presently know about Australia's caves including the varieties of cave types and how they form, cave fauna, fossils, Aboriginal relics and decorations in caves, and a history of cave exploration and cave science in Australia.
 

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Contents

Tasman Fold Belt
12
Caves in Tertiary limestones Nullarbor karst
24
Caves in Quaternary limestones
40
Caves in noncarbonate rocks Lava caves
46
Fissure caves
52
THE CRYSTAL GALLERY Julia James
53
Boxwork
75
CAVE DEPOSITS AND ENVIRONMENTAL
89
The character of Australian subterranean fauna
143
Exciting research opportunities
146
CHANGING PERSPECTIVES HI ery HamiltoiiSmith 148 Introduction 148 The Aboriginal tradition
148
caves as receptacles
151
Toward a broader view
154
The petrified blackfellow
156
The artists and engravers
158
The emergence of a caves industry Jenolan
160

Bone deposits in caves Agents of bone accumulation and dispersal in caves
97
Looking at the big picture
108
Maternity sites
114
Hibernacula
120
THE CRAWLING CREEPING AND SWIMMING LIFE OF CAVES Stefan Eberhard aiid William F Humphreys 127 Introduction 127 The classificat...
127
Evolution of troglobites Continental drift and climate change Terrestrial troglobites
129
Evolution of aquatic troglobites stygobites
134
The variety of subterranean habitats Terrestrial habitats
136
Aquatic habitats
138
Food and water
141
Naracoorte Buchan
164
The southwest
168
After the boom 170 The rise of speleology
170
Appendix 1 Caving organisations in Australia John Dunkley
172
Appendix 2 Australian show caves Kent Henderson
173
Further reading
174
References
175
Colour plate acknowledgments
176
Index
177
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