Aristocrats of Color: the Black Elite 1880-1920 (p)
Every American city had a small, self-aware, and active black elite, who felt it was their duty to set the standard for the less fortunate members of their race and to lead their communities by example. Professor Gatewood's study examines this class of African Americans by looking at the genealogies and occupations of specific families and individuals throughout the United States and their roles in their various communities. --from publisher description.
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Aristocrats of color: the Black elite, 1880-1920User Review - Not Available - Book Verdict
Class has been a powerful force within Afro-American society, at times dividing blacks almost as sharply as race separated them from whites, Gatewood shows. Focusing on "old families'' who saw ... Read full review
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African Afro-American antebellum April Archibald Grimke aristocrats of color Association Atlanta University August Baltimore became black community black elite black families black masses black social black society black upper class Booker Boston Charleston Chicago circle city's black Cleveland Gazette Club color line Colored American Magazine colored aristocracy colored society complexion congregations Creoles culture daughter December District Episcopal Church exclusive Fannie Barrier Williams February Francis free blacks friends genteel graduate Grimke Howard University Ibid included Indianapolis Freeman January John John Mercer Langston Josephine Bruce Langston late nineteenth married Mary Church Terrell membership Methodist Moorland-Spingarn Research Center mulatto Murray NAACP October old families old upper-class organizations Orleans P. B. S. Pinchback Papers Philadelphia Pinchback political Presbyterian prestigious race racial refinement Ruffin slave socially prominent status tion Tuskegee upper-class blacks upper-class families W. E. B. Du Bois Washington Bee Washington Colored American wealth York Age York Freeman
Page 10 - I cherished the hope that suffering had humbled them and prepared them to perform a glorious part in the reformation of our country, but the more I mingle with them the fainter are my hopes. They have as much caste among themselves as we have and despise the poor as much I fear as their pale brethren."74 Nevertheless, class distinctions persisted.