Marcus Aurelius: A Biography

Front Cover
Routledge, Dec 6, 2012 - History - 336 pages
Marcus Aurelius, the philosopher-emperor who ruled the Roman Empire between AD 161 and 180, is one of the best recorded individuals from antiquity. Even his face became more than usually familiar: the imperial coinage displayed his portrait for over 40 years, from the clean-shaven young heir of Antonius to the war-weary, heavily bearded ruler who died at his post in his late fifties.
His correspondence with his tutor Fronto, and even more the private notebook he kept for his last ten years, the Meditations, provides a unique series of vivid and revealing glimpses into the character and peoccupations of this emporer who spent many years in terrible wars against northern tribes.
In this accessible and scholarly study, Professor Birley paints a portrait of an emporer who was human and just - an embodiment of the pagan virtues of Rome.

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List of Illustrations Preface
The Age of the Antonines
Family and Early Years
Aurelius Caesar
The Education of an Heir Apparent
The Stoic Prince
The First Years as Emperor
Triumph and Crisis
The Last Years
Marcus to Himself
The Antonine Dynasty
The Marcomannic Wars
Abbreviations and Bibliography

The Northern Wars

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