The American Apple Orchard; a Sketch of the Practice of Apple Growing in North America at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century

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General Books LLC, 2009 - 122 pages
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1908. Excerpt: ... XVIII RENOVATION OF OLD ORCHARDS The most profitable orchard is unquestionably one that is thrifty and moderately young. It is an orchard which is started right and which is kept on the right track from the beginning. Nevertheless many farms in the country have old orchards neglected for some time and partially run down but still too valuable to be abandoned. While such plantations cannot be regarded as the best basis on which to found the apple business, they are still worth taking into consideration. There is no question about the practicability of renovating old orchards of this kind. The only question is with respect to the age and condition of the trees. If the trees form a satisfactory stand on the ground, that is to say from 60 to 90% of a full stand, and if they are not too badly broken by disease and neglect, the problem of bringing them into profitable condition is a fairly simple one. As a rule it may be said that trees more than 35 years old, those which have the tops badly broken, those which are badly infested with canker or San Jose" scale, and orchards in which the stand is less than 60%, or those which are located in unsuitable soil, are not worth the labor and expense of rejuvenation.. In case it seems wise to undertake the rehabilitation of one of these old orchards the procedure is fairly simple. It consists merely in giving the best possible treatment all along the line. The thing cannot be 188 accomplished by the application of any one specific remedy. The program will be about as follows: 1. The physical condition of the soil must be improved. This will mean that cultivation should be adopted wherever possible. There are some old orchards worthy of rejuvenation in which the soil cannot be practically cultivated, but the majority of ...

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