Annual Report of the United States Life-Saving Service

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1910

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Page 330 - outset-ting" tide, and you are swimming either by yourself or having hold of a person who can not swim, then get on your back and float till help comes. Many a man exhausts himself by stemming the billows for the shore on. a back-going tide and sinks in the effort, when if he had floated, a boat or other aid might have been obtained. 9. These instructions apply alike to all circumstances, whether as regards the roughest sea or smooth water.
Page 329 - ... his back, give him a sudden pull and this will cause him to float, then throw yourself on your back also and swim for the shore, both hands having hold of his hair, you on your back and he also on his, and of course his back to your stomach. In this way you will get sooner and safer ashore than by any other means, and you can easily thus swim with two or three persons...
Page 328 - ... is fully established there is great danger of congestion of the lungs, and if perfect rest is not maintained for at least forty-eight hours, it sometimes occurs that the patient is seized with great difficulty of breathing, and death is liable to follow unless immediate relief is afforded. In such cases apply a large mustard plaster over the breast. If the patient gasps for breath before the mustard takes effect, assist the breathing by carefully repeating the artificial respiration.
Page 328 - As soon as breathing is established let the patient be stripped of all wet clothing, wrapped in blankets only, put to bed comfortably warm, but with a free circulation of fresh air, and left to perfect rest. Internally: Give...
Page 320 - If circumstances permit, you can assist the lifesaving crew by manning, that part of the whip to which the hawser is bent and hauling with them.
Page 326 - Separate the jaws and keep them apart by placing between the teeth a cork or small bit of wood ; turn the patient on his face, a large bundle of tightly rolled clothing being placed beneath the stomach ; press heavily on the back over it for half a minute, or as long as fluids flow freely from the mouth.
Page 320 - These instructions being obeyed, the result will be as shown in Figure 2. Take particular care that there are no turns of the whip line round the hawser. To prevent this, take the end of the hawser UP BETWEEN the parts of the whip before making it fast. When the hawser is made fast, the whip cast off from the hawser, and your signal seen by the life-saving crew, they will haul the hawser taut and by means of the whip will haul off to your vessel a breeches buoy suspended from a traveler block, or...
Page 334 - All casualties occurring in the rivers, straits, &c., connecting the several lakes named; 3. All casualties occurring in the harbors of any of said lakes, or in or near the mouths of rivers emptying into them, within the United States. IV. Disasters occurring in rivers within the United States, embracing all rivers except those referred to in the foregoing division. V. Disasters occurring to American shipping at sea or in foreign waters.
Page 319 - ... life car. A shot with a small line attached will be fired across your vessel. Get hold of the line as soon as possible and haul on board until you get a tailblock with a whip or endless line rove through it.
Page 317 - ... etc. Houses of refuge are supplied with boats, provisions, and restoratives, but not manned by crews ; a keeper, however, resides in each throughout the year, who, after every storm, is required to make extended excursions along the coast with a view of ascertaining if any shipwreck has occurred, and finding and succoring any persons that may have been cast ashore. Houses of refuge are located exclusively upon the Florida coast, where the requirements of relief are widely different from those...

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