Expert Political Judgment: How Good Is It? How Can We Know?
The intelligence failures surrounding the invasion of Iraq dramatically illustrate the necessity of developing standards for evaluating expert opinion. This book fills that need. Here, Philip E. Tetlock explores what constitutes good judgment in predicting future events, and looks at why experts are often wrong in their forecasts.
Tetlock first discusses arguments about whether the world is too complex for people to find the tools to understand political phenomena, let alone predict the future. He evaluates predictions from experts in different fields, comparing them to predictions by well-informed laity or those based on simple extrapolation from current trends. He goes on to analyze which styles of thinking are more successful in forecasting. Classifying thinking styles using Isaiah Berlin's prototypes of the fox and the hedgehog, Tetlock contends that the fox--the thinker who knows many little things, draws from an eclectic array of traditions, and is better able to improvise in response to changing events--is more successful in predicting the future than the hedgehog, who knows one big thing, toils devotedly within one tradition, and imposes formulaic solutions on ill-defined problems. He notes a perversely inverse relationship between the best scientific indicators of good judgement and the qualities that the media most prizes in pundits--the single-minded determination required to prevail in ideological combat.
Clearly written and impeccably researched, the book fills a huge void in the literature on evaluating expert opinion. It will appeal across many academic disciplines as well as to corporations seeking to develop standards for judging expert decision-making.
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - thcson - LibraryThing
This book is an empirical study of expert knowledge. The author questioned experts on political matters for more than a decade and followed up to see which predictions held up and which didn't. He ... Read full review
LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - lorin - LibraryThing
How good are political academics/think-tankers/pundits at predicting the outcome of political events? Tetlock studies their predictions over many years in an attempt to answer this question. It's an ... Read full review
Chapter 2 The Egodeflating Challenge of Radical Skepticism
Foxes Have Better Calibration and Discrimination Scores than Hedgehogs
Foxes Are Better Bayesians than Hedgehogs
Foxes Are More Willing than Hedgehogs to Entertain Selfsubversive Scenarios
Chapter 6 The Hedgehogs Strike Back