The Natural and Unnatural History of Congenital Heart Disease

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Julien I. E. Hoffman
Wiley, Aug 11, 2009 - Medical - 624 pages
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  • Evaluates the natural history of congenital heart lesions as a background to finding out if and how much treatment has improved outcomes
  • Introduces and defines lesions, providing general information about its frequency, familial or syndromic associations, and associated congenital heart lesions
  • Provides sections on pathological anatomy and physiology – important in determining outcomes
  • Includes results of surgery, both in terms of survival and also in terms of event-free survival, that is, survival free of reoperation, cardiac failure, arrhythmias, and other late complications that are often seen
  • Helps cardiologists and cardiac surgeons understand what is likely to happen to patients with or without treatment, and which forms of treatment currently in use provide the best outcomes to date

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About the author (2009)

Julien I.E. Hoffman, M.D., B.SC. HONS., F.R.C.P
Professor of Pediatrics (Emeritus)
Senior Member, Cardiovascular Research Institute
Department of Pediatrics
University of California at San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

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