No Establishment of Religion: America's Original Contribution to Religious Liberty
T. Jeremy Gunn, John Witte Jr.
Oxford University Press, Nov 2, 2012 - Religion - 432 pages
The First Amendment guarantee that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion" rejected the millennium-old Western policy of supporting one form of Christianity in each nation and subjugating all other faiths. The exact meaning and application of this American innovation, however, has always proved elusive. Individual states found it difficult to remove traditional laws that controlled religious doctrine, liturgy, and church life, and that discriminated against unpopular religions. They found it even harder to decide more subtle legal questions that continue to divide Americans today: Did the constitution prohibit governmental support for religion altogether, or just preferential support for some religions over others? Did it require that government remove Sabbath, blasphemy, and oath-taking laws, or could they now be justified on other grounds? Did it mean the removal of religious texts, symbols, and ceremonies from public documents and government lands, or could a democratic government represent these in ever more inclusive ways? These twelve essays stake out strong and sometimes competing positions on what "no establishment of religion" meant to the American founders and to subsequent generations of Americans, and what it might mean today.
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No Establishment of Religion: America's Original Contribution to Religious ...
T. Jeremy Gunn,John Witte
No preview available - 2012
Adams adopted American Amsterdam Anglican argued argument Article authority Baptists belief Bill of Rights Blaine Amendment Carl Esbeck Catholic Christian America church–state separation citizens civil colony Continental Congress debate Declaration disestablishment dissenters doctrine Dutch Reformed Dutch Reformed Church ecclesiastical equal established church established religion Establishment Clause establishment of religion Everson favor federal Federalists founders Fourteenth Amendment free exercise funding House Ibid incorporation institutions James Madison Jews Justice law respecting legislative legislature liberty of conscience Lutherans Massachusetts minister morality national government Netherland nonestablishment original intent political practice prayer principles prohibiting proposed protection public schools Puritan Quakers ratified religious establishment religious freedom religious liberty religious test republican respecting an establishment Revolution rights of conscience sect sectarian secular Senate separation of church separationist social society South Carolina Stuyvesant Supreme Court Thomas Jefferson U.S. Constitution understanding United University Press Virginia Williams Williams’s worship York