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admitted adopted Alabama articles of confederation authority bill bound boundary ceded cession chartered limits Cher Chero Cherokee nation chiefs Choctaws citizens civilization claim colonies commissioners committee compact of 1802 Congress conquest consent considered Constitution Court Creeks crown declared dians discovery doctrine emigrate enacted established Executive exercise exist extend extinguish faith fee simple force gentleman grant guaranty honor House independent Indian affairs Indian nations Indian right Indian territory Indian title Indian tribes Jefferson jurisdiction justice lands laws of Georgia legislation M'Intosh ment Mississippi natives negotiated never North Carolina object obligations occupancy okees opinion party passed peace pledged possession present President principles protection purchase question ratified recognised regulate removal sanction savage Senate Seneca nation settled settlements soil solemn solemnly sovereign sovereignty stipulations sustain Tennessee territory thing tion treaty of Holston treaty of Hopewell Union United violated whole
Page 207 - Indians; their lands and property shall never be taken from them without their consent; and in their property, rights, and liberty they never shall be invaded or disturbed, unless in just and lawful wars authorized by Congress ; but laws founded in justice and humanity, shall, from time to time, be made, for preventing wrongs being done to them, and for preserving peace and friendship with them.
Page 162 - No State shall engage in any war without the consent of the United States in Congress assembled, unless such State be actually invaded by enemies, or shall have received certain advice of a resolution being formed by some nation of Indians to invade such State, and the danger is so imminent as not to admit of a delay, till the United States in Congress assembled can be consulted...
Page 37 - The United States in Congress assembled shall have the sole and exclusive right and power of determining on peace and war...
Page 13 - To regulate commerce with foreign nations, among the several States, and with the Indian tribes.
Page 190 - While the different nations of Europe respected the right of the natives, as occupants, they asserted the ultimate dominion to be in themselves ; and claimed and exercised, as a consequence of this ultimate dominion, a power to grant the soil, while yet in possession of the natives. These grants have been understood by all to convey a title to the grantees, subject only to the Indian right of occupancy.
Page 227 - It is observed by barbarians — a whiff of tobacco smoke, or a string of beads, gives not merely binding force, but sanctity to treaties. Even in Algiers, a truce may be bought for money, but when ratified, even Algiers is too wise, or too just, to disown and annul its obligation.
Page 84 - Indians, in general, receding further and further to the West, have retained their savage habits. A portion, however, of the Southern tribes, having mingled much with the whites, and made some progress in the arts of civilized life. have lately attempted to erect an independent government, within the limits of Georgia and Alabama.
Page 163 - States : regulating the trade and managing all affairs with the Indians not members of any of the states ; provided that the legislative right of any state within its own limits be not infringed or violated...
Page 18 - Religion, morality, and knowledge, being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged.