The Mosaic Map of Madaba: An Introductory Guide
In the early 1880's dissension arose among the Muslim and Christian inhabitants of al-Karak, east of the Dead Sea. Up to that time the believers of both religions had lived peacefully together in the city. Problems arose and the Christians decicded to move. They were allowed to settle at Madaba. The government gave permission to build churches, but exclusively on those spots where churches had existed in Antiquity. The immigrants removed the debris from still partially visible foundation walls of the ancient churches. During this work they discovered in 1884 a marvelous mosaic map. It had been part of the floor of a large cathedral. The surviving fragments were roughly repaired and incorporated in the floor of the new St. George's church. It took nearly a hundred years and many admirers to have the map finally restored. This book is an introductory guide and can be a help to different kinds of people, such as visitors, students, and professors teaching first level archaeology, bible, and Umwelt. Numbers on the sketch included in the guide, refer the reader to appropriate information in the booklet. A colour reproduction of the map and a black/white sketch is included.
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4th century al-Karak ancient Ashdod Ashkelon attested basilica Beersheba Bible Biblical bishop's building built called cAyn Christian pilgrims cities and villages colonnaded street coord Damascus Gate Dead Sea Delta Diospolis Donner Early Fathers east eastern Eleutheropolis emperor Eus.On Eusebius famous fragment Gabal Gaza God's salvation history Greek H NYN Hebron identical with Hirbat identical with Tall inscription Jamnia Jericho Jerome Jerusalem Jewish Jordan river Josephus Josh Judah km south km southwest literary sources Lower Egypt Lydda Madaba map Madaba mosaic map main street Map of Madaba Matth monastery mosaic artist mosaicist Nablus Neapolis nearly all Christian Nikopolis Nile Onomasticon Palestine Pelusium Peutinger Plates Philistine Piacenza Piacenza pilgrim pilgrims and Early preserved probably identical red roofs representation shows represented road Roman-Byzantine Samaritans sanctuary Sebennitic arm situated so-called southeast southern tomb towers tradition Valley village is identical visible wall white cubes ZDPV