Remains, Historical and Literary, Connected with the Palatine Counties of Lancaster and Chester (53), Volume 53
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1904-01-01 edition. Excerpt: ...regulation. Most diligent inquiry (it is required in the pleas of the crown, in the reign of Richard I. 1194) shall be made what is the rental assessed upon each manor in demesne, and the value of all other assessments in the said manors, and how many carucates there are, and how much they are each worth, not estimating them at a fixed value of 20. only, but according as the land is good or bad, whether the value is likely to increase or decrease. Inquiry is also to be made with how many oxen and plough-horses each carucate ought to be stocked; and how much stock, and to what amount each manor is able to support; and the result thereof is then to be speedily and distinctly reduced to writing. The price set upon a bull shall be 4, and upon a cow the same, and upon a plough-horse the same; upon a sheep with fine wool tod., with coarse wool 6d.; upon a sow 1 1d, and upon a boar 1 1d.--(Annals of Roger de Hoveden.) Sir A. Fitzherbert, who was a judge of the Common Pleas temp. Henry VIII. under the title of " A Boke of Surveying" (first printed by Richard Pynson, London, 1523, 4to.) reprints this statute, Latin and English, with an explanatory commentary on each of its provisions, the material portions of which we append: --These words go as well to those castles and other buildings that be well upholden and inhabited, as well as to those that be fallen in decay, and not inhabited; and to those that be inhabited it is not necessary to be extended nor valued in any parcel. After the barons' wars, in the time of Henry III., in which many noblemen were slain, many fled and were afterward attainted for treason, and their castles and manors were seized unto the king's hands; and so for want of reparation, the castles and the manors manor-houses fell...
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