## Mathematics in IndiaBased on extensive research in Sanskrit sources, Far more than in other areas of the history of mathematics, the literature on Indian mathematics reveals huge discrepancies between what researchers generally agree on and what general readers pick up from popular ideas. This book explains with candor the chief controversies causing these discrepancies--both the flaws in many popular claims, and the uncertainties underlying many scholarly conclusions. Supplementing the main narrative are biographical resources for dozens of Indian mathematicians; a guide to key features of Sanskrit for the non-Indologist; and illustrations of manuscripts, inscriptions, and artifacts. **Author's note: The concept of "computational positivism" in Indian mathematical science, mentioned on p. 120, is due to Prof. Roddam Narasimha and is explored in more detail in some of his works, including "The Indian half of Needham's question: some thoughts on axioms, models, algorithms, and computational positivism" ( |

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### Contents

III | 1 |

IV | 4 |

V | 10 |

VI | 13 |

VII | 16 |

VIII | 28 |

IX | 35 |

X | 40 |

XXVIII | 210 |

XXIX | 217 |

XXX | 218 |

XXXI | 221 |

XXXII | 248 |

XXXIII | 251 |

XXXIV | 255 |

XXXV | 256 |