Agricultural Trade Policies in the Andean Group: Issues and Options, Volumes 23-364
This report from the World Bank's Operations Evaluation Department assesses the Bank's experience with the 50 agricultural adjustment operations (AGSECALs) approved by the Bank's Board of Directors since 1979. The review finds that the shift in focus of these operations--from support for public-production-and-control in the 1980s to support for market liberalization in the 1990s--has substantially improved the quality of recent AGSECALs. The study looks not only at the Bank's successes in this field but also at what work remains to be done and at areas that have been given inadequate attention in the past.
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action addition adopted Africa agricultural policy agricultural products agricultural sector agricultural trade allowed America Andean Group Andean Pact Andean Pact countries applied barriers become benefit bindings Bolivia border Caribbean Central changes Chile CO CO Cocoa Coffee Colombia commodities competitive continue controls corn costs crops Department discussed domestic market Eastern economic economic policy Ecuador effect encouraged expanded export External Tariff Flowers flows free-trade GATT Global GRAN Group higher imports included increase Integration International introduced Issues joined Latin America less liberal maintain Maize major Meat membership MERCOSUR milk negotiated operation Options percent Peru policy reform political possible preferences preferential present price band system problem protection recent reduced regional Regional Trade Agreement removed role rules safeguard SAPF scheme stability strategy subsidies sugar surcharge tariff Uruguay Round Valdes Venezuela World Bank