The European Origins of Scientific Ecology (1800-1901)

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Pascal Acot
Psychology Press, Jan 1, 1999 - Science
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Over the last few decades, historians of scientific ecology have brought to light the role of the European scientists who have laid the basic cornerstones of modern ecology between the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century. The foundations of geobotany were laid by Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859), Augustin-Pyramus de Candolle (1778-1841), Alphonse Jules Dureau de la Malle (1777-1857), Gaston Bonnier (1853-1922) and Charles Flahault (1852-1935); biocenotics, by Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802), Charles Lyell (1797-1875), Pierre-François Verhulst (1804-1849), Charles Darwin (1809-1882), Karl Moebius (1825-1908), Charles Valentine-Riley (1843-1895), and François-Alphonse Forel (1841-1912); agrochemistry and microbiology by Justus von Liebig (1803-1873), Jean-Baptiste Boussingault (1802-1887), and Stanislas Winogradski (1856-1953); the taxonomy of communities by August Heinrich Grisebach (1813-1879), Anton Kerner von Marilaün (1831-1898), Alphonse de Candolle (1806-1893), and Charles FlahauUp to now, the writings of these scientists have been scattered in various publications that were often not accessible, which made a comparative study almost impossible. There was thus a need to bring together the primary sources in their original form, pagination, and language (whenever possible, a version of the text has been made available in a second language as well). They are gathered here in two volumes, in an analytical framework that aids in understanding their relevant historical context and significance.
To deal with the complex multidisciplinary roots of the history of ecology, Pascal Acot has brought together a group of historians with authoritative knowledge of the field's various sub-branches, without ever losing sight of ecology's relationship to the broader history of biology and the environmental sciences.
 

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Contents

Charles Darwin 1859
xi
Foreword and Acknowledgements
xiv
Adolphe Jules Dureau de la Malle 1825
xvii
Annales des sciences naturelles vol 5
157
Brussels
158
Director of thé Grande Galerie de lÉvolution
175
4
436
BOTANICAL GEOGRAPHY
448
1
515
Alexander von Humboldt 1807
515
Essai sur la géographie des plantes
515
1
542
Erasmus Darwin 1800
210
2
386
Phytokgia or thé Philosophy of Agriculture and Gardening
388
Justus Liebig 1840
393

Annales des sciences naturelles Botanique 6e série vol 7
449
Pascal Acot Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
487
1
503

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

POLITICS OF NATURE
Bruno Latour
Limited preview - 2004

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