The Temple of Apollo Bassitas: The architecture

Front Cover
ASCSA, 1992 - Architecture - 447 pages
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The definitive publication of the Temple of Apollo at Bassai, in the northwest Peloponnese, this is one of four volumes representing the culmination of years of study by Professor Fred Cooper of the University of Minnesota and other scholars throughout the world. An identifiable work of Iktinos, the architect of the Parthenon, the building exhibits numerous unusual and uncanonical features that heralded a revolution in Greek architectural design. Volume I presents the history of the site and its cult, followed by a brief account of the Archaic remains and a geological report. The author then analyzes the structure of the temple from the foundations to the akroteria. The chapter on the marble roof is contributed by Nancy J. Kelly. Testimonia are cited in appendixes.
 

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Contents

Introduction I
1
Previous Scholarship
12
LIST OF FIGURES
30
Methods
36
History and Cult
42
Map of the Phigaleia Region and the Western Peloponnese
43
Plan of the Kotilon Temples in 1903
62
Miniature Helmets from Bassai in Athens National Museum
71
The Doric Epistyle
234
The Doric Frieze
238
The Exterior Geison
241
The Tympanon
249
The Roof System
252
Section of the Geison and Rafter
253
Pan and Cover Tiles
259
1 Section Plan and Elevation of Tiles in Place 2 Section oflndependent Cover Tile 3 Hallers Scheme of Antefixes
260

The Archaic Sanctuary at Bassai
81
The Archaic Temple Section and Actualstate Plans
83
Pan Tiles from Bassai
89
Archaic Antefix Fragments Found at Bassai
91
Restored Antefbces Type B and Type A
92
Geology and Quarries
98
Geologic Map of Kato Phigaleia
100
Geologic Map of Bassai and the Kotilon Region
102
Geologic Cross Section of Bassai and the Kotilon Region
103
Stratigraphic Core
104
Marble Thin Sections
109
Isotopic Graphs of Marble Samples
113
The State of Preservation
120
The Layout of the Building
131
Detail of the Southwest Corner of the Adyton
135
The Engineering
138
The Refinements
148
The Foundations
159
Foundations for the Ionic Columns
162
The Krepidoma
169
Decorative Treatment of the Krepidoma
172
The Toichobate Interior and Porch Stylobates and Pavtng
177
The Geometry of the Interior Pavement 0
180
The Peristyle
184
The Sekos
188
Details of the North Anta at the Base
195
The Pronaos and Opisthodomos
198
The Southeast Anta Capital
206
The Entranceways
210
The East Entranceway Exterior Restored
222
The Doric Column and Capital
229
Reconstruction of Roof Tiles and Sima
262
Gr 9 and Reconstruction of Raking Geison and Eaves
264
Reconstructed Ridge Tile Plans and Elevations
267
Reconstructed Sima Block
269
Peak Sima
272
Tile Edges
274
Reconstruction of Peak with Akroterion Base Sd 48
275
Reconstruction of Antefix and Eaves Tile
277
The Akroteria
280
The Corinthian Column Base and Shaft
293
The Limestone Ionic Capitals
301
Limestone Ionic Capital Face as Restored by Rhomaios
303
Geometrical Map Projections
320
Histogram of Maeander Intervals on the Abacus of the Corinthian Capital
323
The Epikranttis
325
Painted Lyre Pattern on the Pteroma Epikranitis
333
The Interior Geison
334
Restoration of Marble False Beams W B Dinsmoor
343
The Masons and Masons Marks
354
Masons Marks from the Classical Temple at Bassai
358
Letter Forms in Masons Marks at Bassai and on the Hephaisteion Coffers
362
Iktinos Architect at Bassai
369
Actualstate Plan of the Parthenon Opisthodomos
372
Plan of the Telesterion at Eleusis
375
A Sources on History and Cult
383
B Sources on Iktinos
389
Pteroma Coffers
400
General
411
Ancient Authors
430
Modern Names
437
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